Psychological Effects of Abuse, Partner Pressure, and Alcohol: The Roles of in-the-Moment Condom Negotiation Efficacy and Condom-Decision Abdication on Women’s Intentions to Engage in Condomless Sex

Elizabeth C. Neilson, Amanda K. Gilmore, Cynthia A. Stappenbeck, Natasha K. Gulati, Erin Neilon, William H. George, Kelly C. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Women’s experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) from their male partners can include psychological, physical, and sexual control and abuse. The psychological effects of abuse (PEA) include terror, shame, and loss of power and control in relationships. While women’s experiences of IPV are associated with decreased condom use, limited research has examined the impact of PEA on women’s condom use. Intoxicated (breath alcohol content [BrAC] =.10%) versus sober women were evaluated to test the hypothesis that PEA would interact with intoxication and scenario-context partner pressure to forgo condom use and be associated with intentions to engage in condomless sex. After beverage administration, community women (N = 405) projected themselves into a computerized scenario depicting a male partner exerting high or low pressure for condomless sex. In-the-moment condom negotiation self-efficacy and condom-decision abdication—letting the man decide on condom use—were assessed. Path analysis examined the direct and indirect effects of PEA, alcohol, and partner pressure conditions on condomless sex intentions. PEA increased condomless sex intentions indirectly through decreased condom negotiation self-efficacy. Intoxication increased condomless sex intentions indirectly through decreased condom negotiation self-efficacy and increased condom-decision abdication. Intoxicated women in the low pressure condition were more likely to abdicate the condom decision than women in the high pressure condition. Women who have experienced greater PEA may benefit from interventions focusing on how condom negotiation self-efficacy, condom-decision abdication, and intoxication influence sexual decision-making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of interpersonal violence
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • alcohol administration
  • condom use
  • domestic violence
  • human sexuality
  • intimate partner violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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