Proteins homologous to leaf glycoproteins are abundant in stems of dark-grown soybean seedlings. Analysis of proteins and cDNAs

Hugh S. Mason, Felix D. Guerrero, John S. Boyer, John E. Mullet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report here the cloning and sequence analysis of cDNAs for a pair of closely related proteins from soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr. cv. Williams 82) stems. Both proteins are abundant in soluble extracts of seedling stems but not of roots. One of these proteins (Mr=28 kDa) is also foundd in the cell wall fraction of stems and actumulates there when seedlings are exposed to mild water deficit for 48 h. The mRNA for these proteins is most abundant in the stem region which contains dividing cells, less abundant in elongating and mature stem cells, and rare in roots. Using antiserum against the 28 kDa protein, we isolated cDNA clones encoding it and an antigenically related 31 kDa protein. The two cDNAs are 80% homologous in nucleotide and amino acid coding sequence. The predicted proteins have similar hydropathy profiles, and contain putative NH2-terminal signal sequences and a single putative N-linked glycosylation site. The two proteins differ significantly in calculated pI (28 kDa=8.6; 31 kDa=5.8), and the charge difference is demonstrated on two-dimensional gels. The proteins described here may function as somatic storage proteins during early seedling development, and are closely related to glycoproteins which accumulate in vacuoles of paraveinal mesophyll cells of fully expanded soybean leaves when plants are depodded.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)845-856
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Molecular Biology
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cell-wall protein
  • leaf glycoproteins
  • soybean
  • water deficit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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