Among the high-temperature intermetallic systems, transition-metal suicides are attractive because of their high melting temperatures (many greater than 2273 K) and potential oxidation resistance. In particular, Mo 3Si 3 exhibits a very high melting point (2453 K) and also has a solubility range of 2 - 3 atomic percent, which can aid in processing and alloy design strategies. The focus of this study is to evaluate the processing and properties of Mo 5Si 3 and Mo 3Si 3-base intermetallics. For the optimal baseline comparison, high-purity single crystals have been fabricated, and thermal and elastic properties have been experimentally measured. Although Mo 5Si 3 has a strong thermal expansion anisotropy, its elastic anisotropy factors and the Poisson's ratios indicate that Mo 5Si 3 is less anisotropic in elasticity. The combination of the thermal and elastic properties has been employed to calculate the thermal residual stress and to explain the potential for grain boundary cracking during processing. Room temperature Vickers indentation tests of Mo 5Si 3 have been performed. The orientation dependence of hardness and fracture toughness of Mo 5Si 3 single crystals have been obtained. The corresponding deformation and fracture modes have been revealed by microscopy studies. Finally, micro- and macroalloyed Mo 5Si 3 with aluminum and boron will be briefly explored with property assessments.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings|
|State||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials