Predictors of withdrawal: Possible precursors of avoidant personality disorder

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Relations of avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) with shyness and inhibition suggest that a precursor of AvPD is withdrawal. Using a sample of 4.5- to 7-year-olds studied four times, 2 years apart, four and three classes of children differing in trajectories of mother- and teacher-reported withdrawal, respectively, were identified. Mothers and teachers generally did not agree on children's trajectories but the pattern of findings in the two contexts did not differ markedly. The mother-identified high and declining withdrawal class, in comparison with less withdrawn classes, and the teacher-identified high and declining class compared with low withdrawal classes, were associated with relatively high levels of anger and low levels of attentional control and resiliency. The mother-identified moderate and increasing withdrawal class was distinguished from less problematic withdrawal classes by higher anger, lower resiliency, and sometimes, lower attentional control. The teacher-identified low and increasing withdrawal class was distinguished from less problematic withdrawal classes by lower resiliency and lower attentional control. Findings are discussed in terms of the developmental precursors to social withdrawal and avoidant behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-838
Number of pages24
JournalDevelopment and psychopathology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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