Predictors of Adolescent Breakfast Consumption

Longitudinal Findings from Project EAT

Meredith Bruening, Nicole Larson, Mary Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Peter Hannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To identify predictors of breakfast consumption among adolescents. Methods: Five-year longitudinal study Project EAT (Eating Among Teens). Baseline surveys were completed in Minneapolis-St. Paul schools and by mail at follow-up by youth (n = 800) transitioning from middle to high school. Linear regression models examined associations between baseline predictors and follow-up breakfast consumption. Results: Frequency of breakfast consumption at follow-up was positively associated with baseline breakfast consumption and inversely associated with baseline weight concerns (P < .01). Perceptions of being too rushed in the morning to eat a healthful breakfast were associated with lower breakfast frequency 5 years later among girls (P < .01). After adjusting for baseline breakfast consumption, none of the associations with predictor variables remained statistically significant. Conclusions and Implications: Early adolescence is an important time to establish regular breakfast consumption. Interventions aimed at increasing breakfast consumption should include messages about healthful weight management and ideas for quick, healthful breakfasts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-395
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Breakfast
Eating
Linear Models
Weights and Measures
Postal Service
Longitudinal Studies

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Breakfast
  • Social Cognitive Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Predictors of Adolescent Breakfast Consumption : Longitudinal Findings from Project EAT. / Bruening, Meredith; Larson, Nicole; Story, Mary; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Hannan, Peter.

In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 43, No. 5, 09.2011, p. 390-395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bruening, Meredith ; Larson, Nicole ; Story, Mary ; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne ; Hannan, Peter. / Predictors of Adolescent Breakfast Consumption : Longitudinal Findings from Project EAT. In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2011 ; Vol. 43, No. 5. pp. 390-395.
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