Prediction and characterization of mxene nanosheet anodes for non-lithium-ion batteries

Yu Xie, Yohan Dall'Agnese, Michael Naguib, Yury Gogotsi, Michel W. Barsoum, Houlong Zhuang, Paul R.C. Kent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

345 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rechargeable non-lithium-ion (Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Al3+) batteries have attracted great attention as emerging low-cost and high energy-density technologies for large-scale renewable energy storage applications. However, the development of these batteries is hindered by the limited choice of high-performance electrode materials. In this work, MXene nanosheets, a class of two-dimensional transition-metal carbides, are predicted to serve as high-performing anodes for non-lithium-ion batteries by combined first-principles simulations and experimental measurements. Both O-terminated and bare MXenes are shown to be promising anode materials with high capacities and good rate capabilities, while bare MXenes show better performance. Our experiments clearly demonstrate the feasibility of Na- and K-ion intercalation into terminated MXenes. Moreover, stable multilayer adsorption is predicted for Mg and Al, which significantly increases their theoretical capacities. We also show that O-terminated MXenes can decompose into bare MXenes and metal oxides when in contact with Mg, Ca, or Al. Our results provide insight into metal ion storage mechanisms on two-dimensional materials and suggest a route to preparing bare MXene nanosheets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9606-9615
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 23 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nanosheets
electric batteries
Anodes
anodes
Ions
predictions
ion storage
ions
renewable energy
energy storage
electrode materials
Intercalation
intercalation
carbides
Energy storage
Oxides
Transition metals
Metal ions
metal oxides
Carbides

Keywords

  • conversion reaction
  • energy storage
  • metal ion batteries
  • multilayer adsorption
  • MXenes
  • two-dimensional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Xie, Y., Dall'Agnese, Y., Naguib, M., Gogotsi, Y., Barsoum, M. W., Zhuang, H., & Kent, P. R. C. (2014). Prediction and characterization of mxene nanosheet anodes for non-lithium-ion batteries. ACS Nano, 8(9), 9606-9615. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn503921j

Prediction and characterization of mxene nanosheet anodes for non-lithium-ion batteries. / Xie, Yu; Dall'Agnese, Yohan; Naguib, Michael; Gogotsi, Yury; Barsoum, Michel W.; Zhuang, Houlong; Kent, Paul R.C.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 8, No. 9, 23.09.2014, p. 9606-9615.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xie, Y, Dall'Agnese, Y, Naguib, M, Gogotsi, Y, Barsoum, MW, Zhuang, H & Kent, PRC 2014, 'Prediction and characterization of mxene nanosheet anodes for non-lithium-ion batteries', ACS Nano, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 9606-9615. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn503921j
Xie Y, Dall'Agnese Y, Naguib M, Gogotsi Y, Barsoum MW, Zhuang H et al. Prediction and characterization of mxene nanosheet anodes for non-lithium-ion batteries. ACS Nano. 2014 Sep 23;8(9):9606-9615. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn503921j
Xie, Yu ; Dall'Agnese, Yohan ; Naguib, Michael ; Gogotsi, Yury ; Barsoum, Michel W. ; Zhuang, Houlong ; Kent, Paul R.C. / Prediction and characterization of mxene nanosheet anodes for non-lithium-ion batteries. In: ACS Nano. 2014 ; Vol. 8, No. 9. pp. 9606-9615.
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