A dissipative quantum system exhibiting chaos in its classical limit is constructed by coupling the quantum kicked rotator to a reservoir with exchange of action. A version of the quantized standard map that incorporates dissipation is derived from this model and iterated numerically to study the long-time behavior in various regions of the damping rate. It is found that even weak damping is capable of disrupting dynamical localization which suppresses chaotic motion in the conservative standard map, and thus restores diffusion in the action variable. On the time scale of classical relaxation, a steady state is reached which is the quantum analogue of a classical strange attractor. For strong dissipation, observable deviations from classical behavior both in the transients and in the steady state are due to quantum noise. They are reproduced by a classical stochastic map which is approached by the dissipative quantum map as its semi-classical limit.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Mathematical Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics