Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution

Michael Halewood, Tinashe Chiurugwi, Ruaraidh Sackville Hamilton, Brad Kurtz, Emily Marden, Eric Welch, Frank Michiels, Javad Mozafari, Muhamad Sabran, Nicola Patron, Paul Kersey, Ruth Bastow, Shawn Dorius, Sonia Dias, Susan McCouch, Wayne Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

(Table presented.). Summary: Over the last decade, there has been an ongoing revolution in the exploration, manipulation and synthesis of biological systems, through the development of new technologies that generate, analyse and exploit big data. Users of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) can potentially leverage these capacities to significantly increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their efforts to conserve, discover and utilise novel qualities in PGR, and help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This review advances the discussion on these emerging opportunities and discusses how taking advantage of them will require data integration and synthesis across disciplinary, organisational and international boundaries, and the formation of multi-disciplinary, international partnerships. We explore some of the institutional and policy challenges that these efforts will face, particularly how these new technologies may influence the structure and role of research for sustainable development, ownership of resources, and access and benefit sharing. We discuss potential responses to political and institutional challenges, ranging from options for enhanced structure and governance of research discovery platforms to internationally brokered benefit-sharing agreements, and identify a set of broad principles that could guide the global community as it seeks or considers solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1407-1419
Number of pages13
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume217
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  • access and benefit sharing
  • big data
  • data integration
  • farmer's rights
  • global governance
  • plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA)
  • synthetic biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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    Halewood, M., Chiurugwi, T., Sackville Hamilton, R., Kurtz, B., Marden, E., Welch, E., Michiels, F., Mozafari, J., Sabran, M., Patron, N., Kersey, P., Bastow, R., Dorius, S., Dias, S., McCouch, S., & Powell, W. (2018). Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution. New Phytologist, 217(4), 1407-1419. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14993