Performance degradation of grid-tied photovoltaic modules in a hot-dry climatic condition

Adam Suleske, Jaspreet Singh, Joseph Kuitche, Govindasamy TamizhMani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The crystalline silicon photovoltaic (PV) modules under open circuit conditions typically degrade at a rate of about 0.5% per year. However, it is suspected that the modules in an array level may degrade, depending on equipment/frame grounding and array grounding, at higher rates because of higher string voltage and increased module mismatch over the years of operation in the field. This paper compares and analyzes the degradation rates of grid-tied photovoltaic modules operating over 10-17 years in a desert climatic condition of Arizona. The nameplate open-circuit voltages of the arrays ranged between 400 and 450 V. Six different types/models of crystalline silicon modules with glass/glass and glass/polymer constructions were evaluated. About 1865 modules were inspected using an extended visual inspection checklist and infrared (IR) scanning. The visual inspection checklist included encapsulant discoloration, cell/interconnect cracks, delamination and corrosion. Based on the visual inspection and IR studies, a large fraction of these modules were identified as allegedly healthy and unhealthy modules and they were electrically isolated from the system for currentvoltage (I-V) measurements of individual modules. The annual degradation rate for each module type is determined based on the I-V measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReliability of Photovoltaic Cells, Modules, Components, and Systems IV
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Print)9780819487223
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
EventReliability of Photovoltaic Cells, Modules, Components, and Systems IV - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 22 2011Aug 25 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8112
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherReliability of Photovoltaic Cells, Modules, Components, and Systems IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/22/118/25/11

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Failure modes
  • Reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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