Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of a brief period (20 min) of intravenous (IV) fluid rehydration and oral (ORAL) rehydration on ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), thirst, and thermal sensation (TS) during exercise in the heat. Methods: After dehydration (-4% of body weight), eight nonacclimated highly trained cyclists (age = 24 ± 1 yr; V̇O2 = 61.4 ± 0.8 mL·kg·min-1) performed three experimental trials. Rehydration (randomized, cross-over design) included: 1) ORAL (0.45% NaCl) equal to 50% of prior dehydration; 2) IV (0.45% NaCl) equal to 50% of prior dehydration; and 3) a control (CON), no fluid trial. Subjects then cycled at 74% V̇O2peak until volitional exhaustion in a hot environment (37°C). Results: Central (C-), local (L-), and overall-RPE (O-RPE) were significantly higher in CON compared to ORAL and IV at minutes 5 and 15 of exercise. C-RPE responses at minute 5 of exercise were lower (P < 0.05) during ORAL compared with IV, and C-RPE and O-RPE responses at minute 15 were lower (P < 0.05) during ORAL compared with IV. TS responses during CON were higher (P < 0.05) than ORAL and IV at minute 5, and TS was higher (P < 0.05) during IV versus ORAL at minute 15. TS were significantly correlated with all RPE responses at minute 15 in all trials. Thirst ratings were lower (P < 0.05) during ORAL compared with CON and IV at minutes 0, 5, and 15. Conclusion: It was concluded that ORAL resulted in lower RPE, thirst, and TS compared with CON and IV during exercise in the heat.
- Exhaustive exercise
- Ratings of perceived exertion
- Thermal sensations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation