This study tested the moderating effects of parental social support and consistency of discipline on the relation between adolescents’ affiliation with drug-use promoting peers and their subsequent alcohol use. Participants were a subsample (n = 300) of 454 children of alcoholics and matched community controls (ages 10½–15½ years). Results indicated that mothers’ and fathers’ social support and consistency of discipline buffered the effects of peer group affiliation on girls’ alcohol use; however, both variables exacerbated peer effects on boys’ alcohol use. For girls, results are consistent with the notion that parenting behaviors can serve as protective factors by promoting qualities that serve to resist peer group pressure. For boys, increases in support and discipline behaviors may be interpreted as threats to autonomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Applied Psychology
- Life-span and Life-course Studies