Patterns and correlates of substance use among affluent, suburban high school students

Thomas J. McMahon, Suniya S. Luthar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite ongoing concern about substance use during adolescence, very little is known about alcohol and drug use among teens living in affluent social settings. In this longitudinal study, cluster analysis was used to characterize patterns of substance use and change in other dimensions of psychosocial adjustment within a cohort of 292 high school students (54% girls) living in an affluent, suburban community. When compared with a cluster of students reporting minimal use, clusters reporting escalating, declining, and persistently high use consistently demonstrated relatively poorer psychosocial adjustment. Moreover, other dimensions of psychosocial adjustment remained relatively stable despite changes in substance use, and there were relations involving substance use and other aspects of psychosocial adjustment that may be specific to this social setting. The findings highlight the need for preventive intervention grounded in a clear understanding of developmental process occurring within populations of affluent, suburban teens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-89
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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