Passive immunization of mice pups through oral immunization of dams with a plant-derived vaccine

Amanda M. Walmsley, Dwayne D. Kirk, Hugh S. Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Passive immunization plays an important role in protecting young mammals against pathogens before the maturation of their own immune systems. Although many reports have shown active immunization of animals and human through the use of plant-derived vaccines, only one report has given evidence of passive immunization of offspring through oral immunization of parents using plant-derived vaccines. In this case, a challenge alone provided the evidence of passive immunization and the mechanism through which this occurred was not investigated. This report describes the first step in elucidating the mechanism of passive immunization of offspring through actively immunizing the female parent through an orally delivered, plant-derived vaccine. The authors found passive immunization of offspring was caused by transfer of antigen-specific IgG through either transplacental transfer or ingesting colostrum. Future studies will investigate the roles of transplacental antibody transfer and ingesting colostrum in passive immunization and the possible involvement of IgA in this immunization route.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalImmunology Letters
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Edible vaccine
  • Passive immunization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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