Oxidative damage and amyloid-β metabolism in brain regions of the longest-lived rodents

Yael H. Edrey, Salvatore Oddo, Carolin Cornelius, Antonella Caccamo, Vittorio Calabrese, Rochelle Buffenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Naked mole rats (NMRs) are the longest-lived rodents, with young individuals having high levels of Aβ in their brains. The purpose of this study was twofold: to assess the distribution of Aβ in key regions of NMR brains (cortex, hippocampus, cerebellum) and to understand whether the accumulation of Aβ is due to enhanced production or decreased degradation. Recent evidence indicates that lipid peroxides directly participate in induction of cytoprotective proteins, such as heat shock proteins (Hsps), which play a central role in the cellular mechanisms of stress tolerance. Amyloid precursor protein processing, lipid peroxidation, Hsps, redox status, and protein degradation processes were therefore assessed in key NMR brain regions. NMR brains had high levels of lipid peroxidation compared with mice, and the NMR hippocampus had the highest levels of the most toxic moiety of Aβ (soluble Aβ1-42). This was due not to increased Aβ production but rather to low antioxidant potential, which was associated with low induction of Hsp70 and heme oxygenase-1 as well as low ubiquitin-proteasome activity. NMRs may therefore serve as natural models for understanding the relationship between oxidative stress and Aβ levels and its effects on the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-205
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mole Rats
Amyloid
Rodentia
Brain
Heat-Shock Proteins
Lipid Peroxidation
Hippocampus
Heme Oxygenase-1
Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor
Lipid Peroxides
Poisons
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Ubiquitin
Cerebellum
Proteolysis
Oxidation-Reduction
Oxidative Stress
Antioxidants

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Autophagy
  • Heat shock proteins
  • Insulin degrading enzyme
  • Isoprostanes
  • Naked mole rats
  • Ubiquitin-proteasome pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Oxidative damage and amyloid-β metabolism in brain regions of the longest-lived rodents. / Edrey, Yael H.; Oddo, Salvatore; Cornelius, Carolin; Caccamo, Antonella; Calabrese, Vittorio; Buffenstein, Rochelle.

In: Journal of Neuroscience Research, Vol. 92, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 195-205.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Edrey, YH, Oddo, S, Cornelius, C, Caccamo, A, Calabrese, V & Buffenstein, R 2014, 'Oxidative damage and amyloid-β metabolism in brain regions of the longest-lived rodents', Journal of Neuroscience Research, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 195-205. https://doi.org/10.1002/jnr.23320
Edrey, Yael H. ; Oddo, Salvatore ; Cornelius, Carolin ; Caccamo, Antonella ; Calabrese, Vittorio ; Buffenstein, Rochelle. / Oxidative damage and amyloid-β metabolism in brain regions of the longest-lived rodents. In: Journal of Neuroscience Research. 2014 ; Vol. 92, No. 2. pp. 195-205.
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