### Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the feasibility of large eddy simulation (LES) for predicting gas-solid flows in which the carrier flow turbulence is modified by momentum exchange with particles. Several a priori tests of subgrid-scale (SGS) turbulence models are conducted utilizing results from direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a forced homogeneous isotropic turbulent flow with the back effect of the particles modeled using the point-force approximation. Properties of the subgrid-scale field are computed by applying Gaussian filters to the DNS database. Similar to the behavior observed in single-phase flows, a priori test results show that, while the local energy flux is inaccurately estimated, the overall SGS dissipation is reasonably predicted using the conventional Smagorinsky model and underestimated using the Bardina scale-similarity model. Very good agreement between model predictions and DNS results are measured using closures whose coefficients are computed using the resolved field, the so-called dynamic subgrid models, with the mixed model yielding more accurate predictions than the dynamic Smagorinsky model. A priori test results are then confirmed in actual LES calculations used to investigate the sensitivity of the predictions to mesh refinement. The LES was performed at infinite turbulent Reynolds number and for a range of particle response times and mass loadings. Grid resolution in the LES was varied from 32^{3} to 96^{3} collocation points, with particle sample sizes of 885 000 for each response time. LES predictions of the flow with two-way coupling are independent of mesh refinement when using the dynamic mixed model and when the particle relaxation time becomes larger than the characteristic time scale of the unresolved fluid turbulent field. (C) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 2080-2090 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Physics of Fluids |

Volume | 12 |

Issue number | 8 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Aug 2000 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mechanics of Materials
- Computational Mechanics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Condensed Matter Physics

### Cite this

*Physics of Fluids*,

*12*(8), 2080-2090. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.870453

**On the prediction of gas-solid flows with two-way coupling using large eddy simulation.** / Boivin, Marc; Simonin, Olivier; Squires, Kyle.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Physics of Fluids*, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 2080-2090. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.870453

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the prediction of gas-solid flows with two-way coupling using large eddy simulation

AU - Boivin, Marc

AU - Simonin, Olivier

AU - Squires, Kyle

PY - 2000/8

Y1 - 2000/8

N2 - The purpose of this paper is to examine the feasibility of large eddy simulation (LES) for predicting gas-solid flows in which the carrier flow turbulence is modified by momentum exchange with particles. Several a priori tests of subgrid-scale (SGS) turbulence models are conducted utilizing results from direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a forced homogeneous isotropic turbulent flow with the back effect of the particles modeled using the point-force approximation. Properties of the subgrid-scale field are computed by applying Gaussian filters to the DNS database. Similar to the behavior observed in single-phase flows, a priori test results show that, while the local energy flux is inaccurately estimated, the overall SGS dissipation is reasonably predicted using the conventional Smagorinsky model and underestimated using the Bardina scale-similarity model. Very good agreement between model predictions and DNS results are measured using closures whose coefficients are computed using the resolved field, the so-called dynamic subgrid models, with the mixed model yielding more accurate predictions than the dynamic Smagorinsky model. A priori test results are then confirmed in actual LES calculations used to investigate the sensitivity of the predictions to mesh refinement. The LES was performed at infinite turbulent Reynolds number and for a range of particle response times and mass loadings. Grid resolution in the LES was varied from 323 to 963 collocation points, with particle sample sizes of 885 000 for each response time. LES predictions of the flow with two-way coupling are independent of mesh refinement when using the dynamic mixed model and when the particle relaxation time becomes larger than the characteristic time scale of the unresolved fluid turbulent field. (C) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

AB - The purpose of this paper is to examine the feasibility of large eddy simulation (LES) for predicting gas-solid flows in which the carrier flow turbulence is modified by momentum exchange with particles. Several a priori tests of subgrid-scale (SGS) turbulence models are conducted utilizing results from direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a forced homogeneous isotropic turbulent flow with the back effect of the particles modeled using the point-force approximation. Properties of the subgrid-scale field are computed by applying Gaussian filters to the DNS database. Similar to the behavior observed in single-phase flows, a priori test results show that, while the local energy flux is inaccurately estimated, the overall SGS dissipation is reasonably predicted using the conventional Smagorinsky model and underestimated using the Bardina scale-similarity model. Very good agreement between model predictions and DNS results are measured using closures whose coefficients are computed using the resolved field, the so-called dynamic subgrid models, with the mixed model yielding more accurate predictions than the dynamic Smagorinsky model. A priori test results are then confirmed in actual LES calculations used to investigate the sensitivity of the predictions to mesh refinement. The LES was performed at infinite turbulent Reynolds number and for a range of particle response times and mass loadings. Grid resolution in the LES was varied from 323 to 963 collocation points, with particle sample sizes of 885 000 for each response time. LES predictions of the flow with two-way coupling are independent of mesh refinement when using the dynamic mixed model and when the particle relaxation time becomes larger than the characteristic time scale of the unresolved fluid turbulent field. (C) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

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U2 - 10.1063/1.870453

DO - 10.1063/1.870453

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 2080

EP - 2090

JO - Physics of Fluids

JF - Physics of Fluids

SN - 1070-6631

IS - 8

ER -