Nucleosynthesis calculations from core-collapse supernovae

Christopher L. Fryer, Patrick Young, Michael Bennet, Steven Diehl, Falk Herwig, Raphael Hirschi, Aimee Hungerford, Marco Pignatari, Georgios Magkotsios, Gabriel Rockefeller, Francis Timmes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We review some of the uncertainties in calculating nucleosynthetic yields, focusing on the explosion mechanism. Current yield calculations tend to either use a piston, energy injection, or enhancement of neutrino opacities to drive an explosion. We show that the energy injection, or more accurately, an entropy injection mechanism is best-suited to mimic our current understanding of the convection-enhanced supernova engine. The enhanced neutrino-opacity technique is in qualitative disagreement with simulations of core-collapse supernovae and will likely produce errors in the yields. But piston-driven explosions are the most discrepant. Piston-driven explosion severely underestimate the amount of fallback, leading to order-of-magnitude errors in the yields of heavy elements. To obtain yields accurate to the factor of a few level, we must use entropy or energy injection and this has become the NuGrid collaboration approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of Science
StatePublished - 2008
Event10th Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2008 - Mackinac Island, MI, United States
Duration: Jul 27 2008Aug 1 2008

Other

Other10th Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2008
CountryUnited States
CityMackinac Island, MI
Period7/27/088/1/08

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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