Neighborhood factors influence physical activity among African American and Hispanic or Latina women

Rebecca E. Lee, Scherezade K. Mama, Ashley V. Medina, Angela Ho, Heather J. Adamus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between neighborhood street-scale elements, such as traffic lights and crossing aids, and physical activity (PA) adoption and maintenance in African American and Hispanic or Latina women. Women (N=309) participated in a 6-month intervention and completed baseline and post-intervention assessments of PA. Trained field assessors completed the Pedestrian Environment Data Scan in participants' neighborhoods. Adjusted linear regression models found attractiveness for bicycling significantly predicted post-intervention accelerometer-measured PA. Greater traffic control devices and crossing aids were associated with greater PA among women assigned to the PA intervention group, and greater street amenities were associated with greater PA among those in the comparison group. Neighborhood factors may interact favorably with behavioral interventions to promote PA adoption and maintenance, and should be considered in health promotion efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalHealth and Place
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Geographic information systems (GIS)
  • Minority health
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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