This paper identifies absorbers for multiple transition solar cells that are implemented with nanostructured heterojunctions [e.g., quantum well solar cells with quasi-Fermi-level variations and quantum dot (QD) intermediate-band solar cells]. In the radiative limit, the solar cells implemented with these absorbers are capable of achieving a conversion efficiency ≥50% with a geometric solar concentration of at least 1000×. The technical approach enumerates a set of quantitative design rules and applies the rules to the technologically important III--V semiconductors and their ternary alloys. A novel design rule mandates a negligible valence band discontinuity between the barrier material and confined materials. Another key design rule stipulates that the substrate have a lattice constant in between that of the barrier material and that of the quantum-confined material, which permits strain compensation. Strain compensation, in turn, allows a large number of QD layers to be incorporated into the solar cell because each layer is free of defects. Four candidate materials systems (confined/barrier/ substrate) are identified: InP0.85Sb0.15/GaAs/InP, InAs0.40P0.60/GaAs/InP, InAs/GaAs0.88 Sb0.12/InP, and InP/GaAs0.70P0.30/ GaAs. Resulting from the design features, the candidate systems may also find use in other optoelectronic applications.
- Intermediate band
- Quantum dot
- Quantum well
- Solar cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering