Nanoporous materials in polymeric membranes for desalination

Pinar Cay-Durgun, Marylaura Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pressure-driven membrane desalination processes require new membranes that have increased energy-efficiency, perm-selectivity, resistance to chlorine, and resistance to fouling. Incorporation of nanoporous materials (e.g. zeolites, metal–organic frameworks, and graphene-based materials) into the state-of-the-art polyamide-based thin film composite (TFC) membranes is one strategy to address these challenges. This requires effectively incorporating nanomaterials into the polymer structure and understanding the true impact of the nanomaterials on membrane performances. Studies from 2015 to 2017 have revealed that thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes with nanoporous materials (a sub-class of mixed matrix membranes), to some extent, address these desalination membrane challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Chemical Engineering
Volume20
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

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