Nanoporous materials in polymeric membranes for desalination

Pinar Cay-Durgun, Marylaura Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pressure-driven membrane desalination processes require new membranes that have increased energy-efficiency, perm-selectivity, resistance to chlorine, and resistance to fouling. Incorporation of nanoporous materials (e.g. zeolites, metal–organic frameworks, and graphene-based materials) into the state-of-the-art polyamide-based thin film composite (TFC) membranes is one strategy to address these challenges. This requires effectively incorporating nanomaterials into the polymer structure and understanding the true impact of the nanomaterials on membrane performances. Studies from 2015 to 2017 have revealed that thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes with nanoporous materials (a sub-class of mixed matrix membranes), to some extent, address these desalination membrane challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Chemical Engineering
Volume20
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Fingerprint

Polymeric membranes
Desalination
Membranes
Nanostructured materials
Thin films
Composite membranes
Fouling
Zeolites
Polyamides
Graphene
Chlorine
Energy efficiency
Nanocomposites
Polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Nanoporous materials in polymeric membranes for desalination. / Cay-Durgun, Pinar; Thomas, Marylaura.

In: Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering, Vol. 20, 01.06.2018, p. 19-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{eb714ca090ff4b56b599563e11690b71,
title = "Nanoporous materials in polymeric membranes for desalination",
abstract = "Pressure-driven membrane desalination processes require new membranes that have increased energy-efficiency, perm-selectivity, resistance to chlorine, and resistance to fouling. Incorporation of nanoporous materials (e.g. zeolites, metal–organic frameworks, and graphene-based materials) into the state-of-the-art polyamide-based thin film composite (TFC) membranes is one strategy to address these challenges. This requires effectively incorporating nanomaterials into the polymer structure and understanding the true impact of the nanomaterials on membrane performances. Studies from 2015 to 2017 have revealed that thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes with nanoporous materials (a sub-class of mixed matrix membranes), to some extent, address these desalination membrane challenges.",
author = "Pinar Cay-Durgun and Marylaura Thomas",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.coche.2018.01.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "19--27",
journal = "Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering",
issn = "2211-3398",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nanoporous materials in polymeric membranes for desalination

AU - Cay-Durgun, Pinar

AU - Thomas, Marylaura

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - Pressure-driven membrane desalination processes require new membranes that have increased energy-efficiency, perm-selectivity, resistance to chlorine, and resistance to fouling. Incorporation of nanoporous materials (e.g. zeolites, metal–organic frameworks, and graphene-based materials) into the state-of-the-art polyamide-based thin film composite (TFC) membranes is one strategy to address these challenges. This requires effectively incorporating nanomaterials into the polymer structure and understanding the true impact of the nanomaterials on membrane performances. Studies from 2015 to 2017 have revealed that thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes with nanoporous materials (a sub-class of mixed matrix membranes), to some extent, address these desalination membrane challenges.

AB - Pressure-driven membrane desalination processes require new membranes that have increased energy-efficiency, perm-selectivity, resistance to chlorine, and resistance to fouling. Incorporation of nanoporous materials (e.g. zeolites, metal–organic frameworks, and graphene-based materials) into the state-of-the-art polyamide-based thin film composite (TFC) membranes is one strategy to address these challenges. This requires effectively incorporating nanomaterials into the polymer structure and understanding the true impact of the nanomaterials on membrane performances. Studies from 2015 to 2017 have revealed that thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes with nanoporous materials (a sub-class of mixed matrix membranes), to some extent, address these desalination membrane challenges.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042075857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042075857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.coche.2018.01.001

DO - 10.1016/j.coche.2018.01.001

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85042075857

VL - 20

SP - 19

EP - 27

JO - Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering

JF - Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering

SN - 2211-3398

ER -