Mutational studies on conserved histidine residues in the chlorophyll-binding protein CP43 of photosystem II

Pradip Manna, Willem Vermaas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two chlorophyll-binding antenna proteins in the photosystem II core, CP43 and CP47, are structurally similar and are thought to have evolved from a common ancestor. Several conserved histidine residues in hydrophobic regions of CP47 have been shown to be important for photosystem II structure, function, and energy transfer. The purpose of this study was to determine whether similarly located histidine residues in CP43 function in a similar way. Three conserved histidine residues in presumed membrane-spanning regions of CP43, His40, His105, and His119, were mutated to glutamine (Q) and tyrosine (Y). The strains H105Q, H119Q, and H119Y were photoautotrophs whereas H40Q, H40Y, and H105Y were obligate photoheterotrophs. The H40Y and H105Y strains lacked detectable amounts of photosystem II reaction centers and hence could not evolve oxygen whereas H40Q retained a significant amount of photosystem II and oxygen evolution capacity. The observation that mutation of histidine residues to tyrosine has more drastic effects than mutation of these residues to glutamine is in agreement with results obtained for CP47 and suggests the involvement of these residues in chlorophyll binding. The drastic functional changes observed upon mutating His40 and His105 of CP43 are similar to those observed when mutating the corresponding histidine residues in CP47, thus suggesting that the similarity between CP43 and CP47 extends to the relative importance of functionally relevant residues. Interestingly, the His40→Gln mutation in CP43 had significant effects on photosystem II electron transfer in that it affected the thermodynamics of Q(A)- oxidation by Q(B) and increased the charge recombination rate between Q(A)- and donor side components. This indicates that relatively minor changes in CP43 can significantly impact the properties of the photosystem II reaction center. The implications of this finding are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)666-672
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume247
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll-binding protein
  • Cyanobacteria
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosystem II
  • Thylakoid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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