Multiple mediation analysis of the peer-delivered Thinking Healthy Programme for perinatal depression: Findings from two parallel, randomised controlled trials

Daisy R. Singla, David P. MacKinnon, Daniela C. Fuhr, Siham Sikander, Atif Rahman, Vikram Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Low-intensity psychosocial interventions have been effective in targeting perinatal depression, but relevant mechanisms of change remain unknown. Aims To examine three theoretically informed mediators of the Thinking Healthy Programme Peer-delivered (THPP), an evidence-based psychosocial intervention for perinatal depression, on symptom severity in two parallel, randomised controlled trials in Goa, India and Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Method Participants included pregnant women aged ≥18 years with moderate to severe depression, as defined by a Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) score ≥10, and were randomised to either THPP or enhanced usual care. We examine whether three prespecified variables (patient activation, social support and mother-child attachment) at 3 months post-childbirth mediated the effects of THPP interventions of perinatal depressive symptom severity (PHQ-9) at the primary end-point of 6 months post-childbirth. We first examined individual mediation within each trial (n = 280 in India and n = 570 in Pakistan), followed by a pooled analysis across both trials (N = 850). Results In both site-specific and pooled analyses, patient activation and support at 3 months independently mediated the intervention effects on depressive symptom severity at 6 months, accounting for 23.6 and 18.2% of the total effect of THPP, respectively. The intervention had no effect on mother-child attachment scores, thus there was no evidence that this factor mediated the intervention effect. Conclusions The effects of the psychosocial intervention on depression outcomes in mothers were mediated by the same two factors in both contexts, suggesting that such interventions seeking to alleviate perinatal depression should target both social support and patient activation levels. Declaration of interest None.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume218
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Depressive disorders
  • behavioural activation
  • low-and middle-income countries
  • mediation analysis
  • psychosocial interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Multiple mediation analysis of the peer-delivered Thinking Healthy Programme for perinatal depression: Findings from two parallel, randomised controlled trials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this