Mimicking tetravalent dopant behavior using paired charge compensating dopants to improve the redox performance of ceria for thermochemically splitting H2O and CO2

Christopher Muhich, Marie Hoes, Aldo Steinfeld

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel doping strategy based on paired charge compensating dopants is proposed to improve the solar thermochemical H2O and CO2 splitting performance of ceria. Density functional theory based ab initio calculations show that by co-doping trivalent and pentavalent cations into ceria the behavior of the trivalent dopant resembles that of tetravalent dopants. In this study, which investigated combinations of group IIIA and VA elements, it was found that the trivalent dopant identity has the largest effect on the reduction energy, while the pentavalent dopant only slightly modifies it. The trivalent dopant in these materials suppresses the reduction energy due to decreased ionic attraction of the trivalent cation and O2− as compared to Ce4+ and O2−. We predict relative reducing capabilities in the following decreasing order: Hf-CeO2 > ScX-CeO2 > Zr-CeO2 > YX-CeO2 > LaX-CeO2 > undoped CeO2 (where X = V, Nb or Ta). Experimental thermogravimetric analysis confirms the computational predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)728-737
Number of pages10
JournalActa Materialia
Volume144
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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Cerium compounds
Doping (additives)
Cations
Positive ions
Oxidation-Reduction
Chemical elements
Density functional theory
Thermogravimetric analysis

Keywords

  • Ceria
  • Defect engineering
  • Density functional theory
  • Redox catalysis
  • Solar energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

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title = "Mimicking tetravalent dopant behavior using paired charge compensating dopants to improve the redox performance of ceria for thermochemically splitting H2O and CO2",
abstract = "A novel doping strategy based on paired charge compensating dopants is proposed to improve the solar thermochemical H2O and CO2 splitting performance of ceria. Density functional theory based ab initio calculations show that by co-doping trivalent and pentavalent cations into ceria the behavior of the trivalent dopant resembles that of tetravalent dopants. In this study, which investigated combinations of group IIIA and VA elements, it was found that the trivalent dopant identity has the largest effect on the reduction energy, while the pentavalent dopant only slightly modifies it. The trivalent dopant in these materials suppresses the reduction energy due to decreased ionic attraction of the trivalent cation and O2− as compared to Ce4+ and O2−. We predict relative reducing capabilities in the following decreasing order: Hf-CeO2 > ScX-CeO2 > Zr-CeO2 > YX-CeO2 > LaX-CeO2 > undoped CeO2 (where X = V, Nb or Ta). Experimental thermogravimetric analysis confirms the computational predictions.",
keywords = "Ceria, Defect engineering, Density functional theory, Redox catalysis, Solar energy",
author = "Christopher Muhich and Marie Hoes and Aldo Steinfeld",
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T1 - Mimicking tetravalent dopant behavior using paired charge compensating dopants to improve the redox performance of ceria for thermochemically splitting H2O and CO2

AU - Muhich, Christopher

AU - Hoes, Marie

AU - Steinfeld, Aldo

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - A novel doping strategy based on paired charge compensating dopants is proposed to improve the solar thermochemical H2O and CO2 splitting performance of ceria. Density functional theory based ab initio calculations show that by co-doping trivalent and pentavalent cations into ceria the behavior of the trivalent dopant resembles that of tetravalent dopants. In this study, which investigated combinations of group IIIA and VA elements, it was found that the trivalent dopant identity has the largest effect on the reduction energy, while the pentavalent dopant only slightly modifies it. The trivalent dopant in these materials suppresses the reduction energy due to decreased ionic attraction of the trivalent cation and O2− as compared to Ce4+ and O2−. We predict relative reducing capabilities in the following decreasing order: Hf-CeO2 > ScX-CeO2 > Zr-CeO2 > YX-CeO2 > LaX-CeO2 > undoped CeO2 (where X = V, Nb or Ta). Experimental thermogravimetric analysis confirms the computational predictions.

AB - A novel doping strategy based on paired charge compensating dopants is proposed to improve the solar thermochemical H2O and CO2 splitting performance of ceria. Density functional theory based ab initio calculations show that by co-doping trivalent and pentavalent cations into ceria the behavior of the trivalent dopant resembles that of tetravalent dopants. In this study, which investigated combinations of group IIIA and VA elements, it was found that the trivalent dopant identity has the largest effect on the reduction energy, while the pentavalent dopant only slightly modifies it. The trivalent dopant in these materials suppresses the reduction energy due to decreased ionic attraction of the trivalent cation and O2− as compared to Ce4+ and O2−. We predict relative reducing capabilities in the following decreasing order: Hf-CeO2 > ScX-CeO2 > Zr-CeO2 > YX-CeO2 > LaX-CeO2 > undoped CeO2 (where X = V, Nb or Ta). Experimental thermogravimetric analysis confirms the computational predictions.

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KW - Defect engineering

KW - Density functional theory

KW - Redox catalysis

KW - Solar energy

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