Microwave synthesis and characterization of MOF-74 (M = Ni, Mg) for gas separation

Xiaofei Wu, Zongbi Bao, Bin Yuan, Jun Wang, Yingqiang Sun, Hongmei Luo, Shuguang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Isostructural MOF-74 (M = Ni, Mg) were successfully synthesized with both hydrothermal method (1 and 3) and microwave-assisted method (2 and 4). These MOF-74 samples were characterized with scanning electron microscopy for crystal structure, powder X-ray diffraction for phase structure, and nitrogen adsorption for pore textural properties. The experimental results showed that MOF-74 samples synthesized by the microwave-assisted method had a smaller particle size with relatively more uniform particle size distribution. The microwave effects also helped to produce a larger specific surface area and micropore volume, with a similar median pore diameter. Adsorption equilibrium and kinetics of various gases (CO2, CH4, N2, C2H 4, C2H6, C3H6 and C 3H8) on these MOF-74 samples were determined at 298 K and gas pressures up to 1 bar. Adsorption equilibrium selectivity (α), combined equilibrium and kinetic selectivity (β), and adsorbent selection parameter for pressure swing adsorption processes (S) were estimated. The relatively high values of adsorption selectivity indicates the potential to separate CO2/CH4, CO2/N2, C 2H4/C2H6, C3H 6/C3H8 and C3H6/C 2H4 pairs in a vacuum swing adsorption process using the MOF-74 as adsorbent. The microwave-assisted method was found to improve MOF-74 with a larger adsorption capacity and somewhat higher selectivity for gas separation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume180
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gases
Microwaves
Adsorption
microwaves
adsorption
synthesis
gases
selectivity
adsorbents
Adsorbents
porosity
Kinetics
kinetics
Phase structure
particle size distribution
Specific surface area
Particle size analysis
X ray powder diffraction
gas pressure
Nitrogen

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Gas separation
  • Microwave-assisted synthesis
  • MOF-74
  • Selectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Microwave synthesis and characterization of MOF-74 (M = Ni, Mg) for gas separation. / Wu, Xiaofei; Bao, Zongbi; Yuan, Bin; Wang, Jun; Sun, Yingqiang; Luo, Hongmei; Deng, Shuguang.

In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 180, 2013, p. 114-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wu, Xiaofei ; Bao, Zongbi ; Yuan, Bin ; Wang, Jun ; Sun, Yingqiang ; Luo, Hongmei ; Deng, Shuguang. / Microwave synthesis and characterization of MOF-74 (M = Ni, Mg) for gas separation. In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 2013 ; Vol. 180. pp. 114-122.
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AU - Luo, Hongmei

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AB - Isostructural MOF-74 (M = Ni, Mg) were successfully synthesized with both hydrothermal method (1 and 3) and microwave-assisted method (2 and 4). These MOF-74 samples were characterized with scanning electron microscopy for crystal structure, powder X-ray diffraction for phase structure, and nitrogen adsorption for pore textural properties. The experimental results showed that MOF-74 samples synthesized by the microwave-assisted method had a smaller particle size with relatively more uniform particle size distribution. The microwave effects also helped to produce a larger specific surface area and micropore volume, with a similar median pore diameter. Adsorption equilibrium and kinetics of various gases (CO2, CH4, N2, C2H 4, C2H6, C3H6 and C 3H8) on these MOF-74 samples were determined at 298 K and gas pressures up to 1 bar. Adsorption equilibrium selectivity (α), combined equilibrium and kinetic selectivity (β), and adsorbent selection parameter for pressure swing adsorption processes (S) were estimated. The relatively high values of adsorption selectivity indicates the potential to separate CO2/CH4, CO2/N2, C 2H4/C2H6, C3H 6/C3H8 and C3H6/C 2H4 pairs in a vacuum swing adsorption process using the MOF-74 as adsorbent. The microwave-assisted method was found to improve MOF-74 with a larger adsorption capacity and somewhat higher selectivity for gas separation.

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