A novel mesophilic, hydrogenotrophic methanogen, designated strain TNRT, was isolated from an anaerobic, propionate-degradation enrichment culture that was originally established from a rice field soil sample from Taiwan. Cells were non-motile rods, 2.0-6.5 μm long by 0.3 μm wide. Filamentous (up to about 100 μm) and coccoid (about 1 μm in diameter) cells were also observed in cultures in the late exponential phase of growth. Strain TNRT grew at 20-40°C (optimally at 37°C), at pH 6.5-7.4 (optimally at pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-25 g NaCl l-1 (optimally at 0 g NaCl l-1). The strain utilized H2/CO2 and formate for growth and produced methane. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 56.4 mol%. Based on sequences of both the 16S rRNA gene and the methanogen-specific marker gene mcrA, strain TNRT was related most closely to Methanolinea tarda NOBI-1T; levels of sequence similarities were 94.8 and 86.4%, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity indicates that strain TNRT and M. tarda NOBI-1T represent different species within the same genus. This is supported by shared phenotypic properties, including substrate usage and cell morphology, and differences in growth temperature. Based on these genetic and phenotypic properties, strain TNRT is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Methanolinea, for which the name Methanolinea mesophila sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is TNRT (5NBRC 105659T5DSM 23604T). In addition, we also suggest family status for the E1/E2 group within the order Methanomicrobiales, for which the name Methanoregulaceae fam. nov. is proposed; the type genus of family is Methanoregula.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology|
|State||Published - Jun 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics