Mental Health and Behavioral Outcomes of Sexual and Nonsexual Child Maltreatment Among Child Welfare-Involved Youth

Jennifer E. O’Brien, Kevin White, Qi Wu, Candace Killian-Farrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our research team used the nationally representative National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II to explore the differences in mental health and behavioral outcomes between children who enter the child welfare system with substantiated sexual abuse and those who enter with exclusively nonsexual maltreatment. The sample included 380 children between the ages of 8 to 17.5 who were substantiated for maltreatment (sexual and nonsexual) and had the same caregivers at both wave 1 and 2 (n = 380). Results show that the average age of children in the sample was 11 years old, and the results corroborate literature that has indicated children and youth with histories of childhood sexual abuse experience significantly more post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms than children with histories of nonsexual maltreatment. This finding held after controlling for baseline trauma symptoms and all covariates, including race, age, placement type, and caregiver characteristics. Childhood sexual abuse was not significantly related to an increase in behavioral symptoms after controlling for covariates. Implications for research and practice are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-503
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Child Sexual Abuse
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
Child Welfare
Mental Health
Sex Offenses
Caregivers
Behavioral Symptoms
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Research
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • behaviors
  • child welfare
  • children
  • mental health
  • NSCAW
  • sexual abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Mental Health and Behavioral Outcomes of Sexual and Nonsexual Child Maltreatment Among Child Welfare-Involved Youth. / O’Brien, Jennifer E.; White, Kevin; Wu, Qi; Killian-Farrell, Candace.

In: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, Vol. 25, No. 5, 03.07.2016, p. 483-503.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

O’Brien, Jennifer E. ; White, Kevin ; Wu, Qi ; Killian-Farrell, Candace. / Mental Health and Behavioral Outcomes of Sexual and Nonsexual Child Maltreatment Among Child Welfare-Involved Youth. In: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 5. pp. 483-503.
@article{9f97202db99846fd9609130fa85091a2,
title = "Mental Health and Behavioral Outcomes of Sexual and Nonsexual Child Maltreatment Among Child Welfare-Involved Youth",
abstract = "Our research team used the nationally representative National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II to explore the differences in mental health and behavioral outcomes between children who enter the child welfare system with substantiated sexual abuse and those who enter with exclusively nonsexual maltreatment. The sample included 380 children between the ages of 8 to 17.5 who were substantiated for maltreatment (sexual and nonsexual) and had the same caregivers at both wave 1 and 2 (n = 380). Results show that the average age of children in the sample was 11 years old, and the results corroborate literature that has indicated children and youth with histories of childhood sexual abuse experience significantly more post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms than children with histories of nonsexual maltreatment. This finding held after controlling for baseline trauma symptoms and all covariates, including race, age, placement type, and caregiver characteristics. Childhood sexual abuse was not significantly related to an increase in behavioral symptoms after controlling for covariates. Implications for research and practice are offered.",
keywords = "adolescents, behaviors, child welfare, children, mental health, NSCAW, sexual abuse",
author = "O’Brien, {Jennifer E.} and Kevin White and Qi Wu and Candace Killian-Farrell",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/10538712.2016.1167801",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "483--503",
journal = "Journal of Child Sexual Abuse",
issn = "1053-8712",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mental Health and Behavioral Outcomes of Sexual and Nonsexual Child Maltreatment Among Child Welfare-Involved Youth

AU - O’Brien, Jennifer E.

AU - White, Kevin

AU - Wu, Qi

AU - Killian-Farrell, Candace

PY - 2016/7/3

Y1 - 2016/7/3

N2 - Our research team used the nationally representative National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II to explore the differences in mental health and behavioral outcomes between children who enter the child welfare system with substantiated sexual abuse and those who enter with exclusively nonsexual maltreatment. The sample included 380 children between the ages of 8 to 17.5 who were substantiated for maltreatment (sexual and nonsexual) and had the same caregivers at both wave 1 and 2 (n = 380). Results show that the average age of children in the sample was 11 years old, and the results corroborate literature that has indicated children and youth with histories of childhood sexual abuse experience significantly more post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms than children with histories of nonsexual maltreatment. This finding held after controlling for baseline trauma symptoms and all covariates, including race, age, placement type, and caregiver characteristics. Childhood sexual abuse was not significantly related to an increase in behavioral symptoms after controlling for covariates. Implications for research and practice are offered.

AB - Our research team used the nationally representative National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II to explore the differences in mental health and behavioral outcomes between children who enter the child welfare system with substantiated sexual abuse and those who enter with exclusively nonsexual maltreatment. The sample included 380 children between the ages of 8 to 17.5 who were substantiated for maltreatment (sexual and nonsexual) and had the same caregivers at both wave 1 and 2 (n = 380). Results show that the average age of children in the sample was 11 years old, and the results corroborate literature that has indicated children and youth with histories of childhood sexual abuse experience significantly more post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms than children with histories of nonsexual maltreatment. This finding held after controlling for baseline trauma symptoms and all covariates, including race, age, placement type, and caregiver characteristics. Childhood sexual abuse was not significantly related to an increase in behavioral symptoms after controlling for covariates. Implications for research and practice are offered.

KW - adolescents

KW - behaviors

KW - child welfare

KW - children

KW - mental health

KW - NSCAW

KW - sexual abuse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84974667678&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84974667678&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10538712.2016.1167801

DO - 10.1080/10538712.2016.1167801

M3 - Article

C2 - 27294412

AN - SCOPUS:84974667678

VL - 25

SP - 483

EP - 503

JO - Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

JF - Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

SN - 1053-8712

IS - 5

ER -