The results of an investigation concerning a mechanism of brittle fracture in glass reinforced plastic (GRP) rods used in non-ceramic insulators (NCI) are presented. Commercial grade GRP rods and GRP rods from actual insulators were exposed to ultra-pure water (UPW) and acids while being subjected to mechanical stresses. The experimental results revealed that water has the potential of inducing stress corrosion cracking on the fibers and hence brittle fracture in the rods. It is observed that the fracture proceeded faster when the rods were exposed to UPW than when exposed to acids. Furthermore, a brittle fracture in an epoxy cross-arm, which was installed in a region where the formation of acids in the atmosphere can be neglected, is analyzed. Based on these evidences, it is postulated that the failure of in-service NCI in the brittle mode can occur under the influence of water and mechanical stresses, and that the failure is more likely to happen with water than with acids.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering