Mathematical modeling of fungal infection in immune compromised individuals

Implications for drug treatment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a mathematical model that describes treatment of a fungal infection in an immune compromised patient in which both susceptible and resistant strains are present. The resulting nonlinear differential equations model the biological outcome, in terms of strain growth and cell number, when an individual, who has both a susceptible and a resistant population of fungus, is treated with a fungicidal or fungistatic drug. The model demonstrates that when the drug is only successful at treating the susceptible strain, low levels of the drug cause both strains to be in stable co-existence and high levels eradicate the susceptible strain while allowing the resistant strain to persist or to multiply unchecked. A modified model is then described in which the drug is changed to one in which both strains are susceptible, and subsequently, at the appropriate level of treatment, complete eradication of both fungal strains ensues. We discuss the model and implications for treatment options within the context of an immune compromised patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Theoretical Biology
Volume281
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2011

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Drug therapy
Mycoses
Mathematical Modeling
drug therapy
Infection
Drugs
mathematical models
infection
Pharmaceutical Preparations
drugs
Biological Models
Therapeutics
Fungi
Theoretical Models
Cell Proliferation
Differential equations
Coexistence
Model
Mathematical models
Population

Keywords

  • Bifurcations
  • Fungus
  • Resistant strains
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

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abstract = "We present a mathematical model that describes treatment of a fungal infection in an immune compromised patient in which both susceptible and resistant strains are present. The resulting nonlinear differential equations model the biological outcome, in terms of strain growth and cell number, when an individual, who has both a susceptible and a resistant population of fungus, is treated with a fungicidal or fungistatic drug. The model demonstrates that when the drug is only successful at treating the susceptible strain, low levels of the drug cause both strains to be in stable co-existence and high levels eradicate the susceptible strain while allowing the resistant strain to persist or to multiply unchecked. A modified model is then described in which the drug is changed to one in which both strains are susceptible, and subsequently, at the appropriate level of treatment, complete eradication of both fungal strains ensues. We discuss the model and implications for treatment options within the context of an immune compromised patient.",
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