Material hardship and parenting stress among grandparent kinship providers during the COVID-19 pandemic: The mediating role of grandparents’ mental health

Yanfeng Xu, Qi Wu, Sue E. Levkoff, Merav Jedwab

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    40 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the vulnerability of many families, including grandparent kinship families, to deal with a health/economic crisis. The fear of COVID-19 plus stay-at-home orders have increased individuals’ psychological distress. Moreover, school closures and homeschooling further increased parenting stress among caregivers. Objectives: This study examined the relationship between material hardship and parenting stress among grandparent kinship providers, and assessed grandparents’ mental health as a potential mediator to this relationship during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. Participants and setting: Grandparent kinship providers (N = 362) that took primary care of their grandchildren participated in a cross-sectional survey via Qualtrics Panels in June 2020 in the United States. Methods: Descriptive and bivariate analyses, binary logistic regression, and mediation analyses were conducted using STATA 15.0. Results: Suffering material hardship was significantly associated with higher odds of experiencing parenting stress among grandparent kinship providers, and grandparents’ mental health partially mediated this association. Conclusions: Addressing material and mental health needs among grandparent kinship providers is critical to decreasing their parenting stress.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number104700
    JournalChild Abuse and Neglect
    Volume110
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2020

    Keywords

    • COVID-19
    • Grandparent kinship providers
    • Material hardship
    • Mental health
    • Parenting stress

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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