Long γ-ray bursts and core-collapse supernovae have different environments

A. S. Fruchter, A. J. Levan, L. Strolger, P. M. Vreeswijk, S. E. Thorsett, D. Bersier, I. Burud, J. M. Castro Cerón, A. J. Castro-Tirado, C. Conselice, T. Dahlen, H. C. Ferguson, J. P U Fynbo, P. M. Garnavich, R. A. Gibbons, J. Gorosabel, T. R. Gull, J. Hjorth, S. T. Holland, C. KouveliotouZ. Levay, M. Livio, M. R. Metzger, P. E. Nugent, L. Petro, E. Pian, J. E. Rhoads, A. G. Riess, K. C. Sahu, A. Smette, N. R. Tanvir, R. A M J Wijers, S. E. Woosley

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Abstract

When massive stars exhaust their fuel, they collapse and often produce the extraordinarily bright explosions known as core-collapse supernovae. On occasion, this stellar collapse also powers an even more brilliant relativistic explosion known as a long-duration γ-ray burst. One would then expect that these long γ-ray bursts and core-collapse supernovae should be found in similar galactic environments. Here we show that this expectation is wrong. We find that the γ-ray bursts are far more concentrated in the very brightest regions of their host galaxies than are the core-collapse supernovae. Furthermore, the host galaxies of the long γ-ray bursts are significantly fainter and more irregular than the hosts of the core-collapse supernovae. Together these results suggest that long-duration γ-ray bursts are associated with the most extremely massive stars and may be restricted to galaxies of limited chemical evolution. Our results directly imply that long γ-ray bursts are relatively rare in galaxies such as our own Milky Way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-468
Number of pages6
JournalNature
Volume441
Issue number7092
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Galaxies
Explosions
Chemical Evolution

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Fruchter, A. S., Levan, A. J., Strolger, L., Vreeswijk, P. M., Thorsett, S. E., Bersier, D., ... Woosley, S. E. (2006). Long γ-ray bursts and core-collapse supernovae have different environments. Nature, 441(7092), 463-468. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04787

Long γ-ray bursts and core-collapse supernovae have different environments. / Fruchter, A. S.; Levan, A. J.; Strolger, L.; Vreeswijk, P. M.; Thorsett, S. E.; Bersier, D.; Burud, I.; Castro Cerón, J. M.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Conselice, C.; Dahlen, T.; Ferguson, H. C.; Fynbo, J. P U; Garnavich, P. M.; Gibbons, R. A.; Gorosabel, J.; Gull, T. R.; Hjorth, J.; Holland, S. T.; Kouveliotou, C.; Levay, Z.; Livio, M.; Metzger, M. R.; Nugent, P. E.; Petro, L.; Pian, E.; Rhoads, J. E.; Riess, A. G.; Sahu, K. C.; Smette, A.; Tanvir, N. R.; Wijers, R. A M J; Woosley, S. E.

In: Nature, Vol. 441, No. 7092, 25.05.2006, p. 463-468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fruchter, AS, Levan, AJ, Strolger, L, Vreeswijk, PM, Thorsett, SE, Bersier, D, Burud, I, Castro Cerón, JM, Castro-Tirado, AJ, Conselice, C, Dahlen, T, Ferguson, HC, Fynbo, JPU, Garnavich, PM, Gibbons, RA, Gorosabel, J, Gull, TR, Hjorth, J, Holland, ST, Kouveliotou, C, Levay, Z, Livio, M, Metzger, MR, Nugent, PE, Petro, L, Pian, E, Rhoads, JE, Riess, AG, Sahu, KC, Smette, A, Tanvir, NR, Wijers, RAMJ & Woosley, SE 2006, 'Long γ-ray bursts and core-collapse supernovae have different environments', Nature, vol. 441, no. 7092, pp. 463-468. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04787
Fruchter AS, Levan AJ, Strolger L, Vreeswijk PM, Thorsett SE, Bersier D et al. Long γ-ray bursts and core-collapse supernovae have different environments. Nature. 2006 May 25;441(7092):463-468. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04787
Fruchter, A. S. ; Levan, A. J. ; Strolger, L. ; Vreeswijk, P. M. ; Thorsett, S. E. ; Bersier, D. ; Burud, I. ; Castro Cerón, J. M. ; Castro-Tirado, A. J. ; Conselice, C. ; Dahlen, T. ; Ferguson, H. C. ; Fynbo, J. P U ; Garnavich, P. M. ; Gibbons, R. A. ; Gorosabel, J. ; Gull, T. R. ; Hjorth, J. ; Holland, S. T. ; Kouveliotou, C. ; Levay, Z. ; Livio, M. ; Metzger, M. R. ; Nugent, P. E. ; Petro, L. ; Pian, E. ; Rhoads, J. E. ; Riess, A. G. ; Sahu, K. C. ; Smette, A. ; Tanvir, N. R. ; Wijers, R. A M J ; Woosley, S. E. / Long γ-ray bursts and core-collapse supernovae have different environments. In: Nature. 2006 ; Vol. 441, No. 7092. pp. 463-468.
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AU - Thorsett, S. E.

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AU - Castro Cerón, J. M.

AU - Castro-Tirado, A. J.

AU - Conselice, C.

AU - Dahlen, T.

AU - Ferguson, H. C.

AU - Fynbo, J. P U

AU - Garnavich, P. M.

AU - Gibbons, R. A.

AU - Gorosabel, J.

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AU - Hjorth, J.

AU - Holland, S. T.

AU - Kouveliotou, C.

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AU - Metzger, M. R.

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AU - Petro, L.

AU - Pian, E.

AU - Rhoads, J. E.

AU - Riess, A. G.

AU - Sahu, K. C.

AU - Smette, A.

AU - Tanvir, N. R.

AU - Wijers, R. A M J

AU - Woosley, S. E.

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