Leveraging mmWave Imaging and Communications for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this work, we propose a novel approach for high accuracy user localization by merging tools from both millimeter wave (mmWave) imaging and communications. The key idea of the proposed solution is to leverage mmWave imaging to construct a high-resolution 3D image of the line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) objects in the environment at one antenna array. Then, uplink pilot signaling with the user is used to estimate the angle-of-arrival and time-of-arrival of the dominant channel paths. By projecting the AoA and ToA information on the 3D mmWave images of the environment, the proposed solution can locate the user with a sub-centimeter accuracy. This approach has several gains. First, it allows accurate simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) from a single standpoint, i.e., using only one antenna array. Second, it does not require any prior knowledge of the surrounding environment. Third, it can locate NLOS users, even if their signals experience more than one reflection and without requiring an antenna array at the user. The approach is evaluated using a hardware setup and its ability to provide sub-centimeter localization accuracy is shown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4539-4543
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781479981311
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019
Event44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: May 12 2019May 17 2019

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
Volume2019-May
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBrighton
Period5/12/195/17/19

Fingerprint

Antenna arrays
Millimeter waves
Imaging techniques
Communication
Merging
Hardware

Keywords

  • Millimeter wave communications
  • millimeter-wave imaging
  • simultaneous localization and mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Aladsani, M., Alkhateeb, A., & Trichopoulos, G. (2019). Leveraging mmWave Imaging and Communications for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping. In 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings (pp. 4539-4543). [8682741] (ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings; Vol. 2019-May). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2019.8682741

Leveraging mmWave Imaging and Communications for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping. / Aladsani, Mohammed; Alkhateeb, Ahmed; Trichopoulos, Georgios.

2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. p. 4539-4543 8682741 (ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings; Vol. 2019-May).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Aladsani, M, Alkhateeb, A & Trichopoulos, G 2019, Leveraging mmWave Imaging and Communications for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping. in 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings., 8682741, ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings, vol. 2019-May, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 4539-4543, 44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019, Brighton, United Kingdom, 5/12/19. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2019.8682741
Aladsani M, Alkhateeb A, Trichopoulos G. Leveraging mmWave Imaging and Communications for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping. In 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2019. p. 4539-4543. 8682741. (ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2019.8682741
Aladsani, Mohammed ; Alkhateeb, Ahmed ; Trichopoulos, Georgios. / Leveraging mmWave Imaging and Communications for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. pp. 4539-4543 (ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings).
@inproceedings{0b58ade9f7ad4c96896d47af5b3f3da5,
title = "Leveraging mmWave Imaging and Communications for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping",
abstract = "In this work, we propose a novel approach for high accuracy user localization by merging tools from both millimeter wave (mmWave) imaging and communications. The key idea of the proposed solution is to leverage mmWave imaging to construct a high-resolution 3D image of the line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) objects in the environment at one antenna array. Then, uplink pilot signaling with the user is used to estimate the angle-of-arrival and time-of-arrival of the dominant channel paths. By projecting the AoA and ToA information on the 3D mmWave images of the environment, the proposed solution can locate the user with a sub-centimeter accuracy. This approach has several gains. First, it allows accurate simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) from a single standpoint, i.e., using only one antenna array. Second, it does not require any prior knowledge of the surrounding environment. Third, it can locate NLOS users, even if their signals experience more than one reflection and without requiring an antenna array at the user. The approach is evaluated using a hardware setup and its ability to provide sub-centimeter localization accuracy is shown.",
keywords = "Millimeter wave communications, millimeter-wave imaging, simultaneous localization and mapping",
author = "Mohammed Aladsani and Ahmed Alkhateeb and Georgios Trichopoulos",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/ICASSP.2019.8682741",
language = "English (US)",
series = "ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
pages = "4539--4543",
booktitle = "2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Leveraging mmWave Imaging and Communications for Simultaneous Localization and Mapping

AU - Aladsani, Mohammed

AU - Alkhateeb, Ahmed

AU - Trichopoulos, Georgios

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - In this work, we propose a novel approach for high accuracy user localization by merging tools from both millimeter wave (mmWave) imaging and communications. The key idea of the proposed solution is to leverage mmWave imaging to construct a high-resolution 3D image of the line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) objects in the environment at one antenna array. Then, uplink pilot signaling with the user is used to estimate the angle-of-arrival and time-of-arrival of the dominant channel paths. By projecting the AoA and ToA information on the 3D mmWave images of the environment, the proposed solution can locate the user with a sub-centimeter accuracy. This approach has several gains. First, it allows accurate simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) from a single standpoint, i.e., using only one antenna array. Second, it does not require any prior knowledge of the surrounding environment. Third, it can locate NLOS users, even if their signals experience more than one reflection and without requiring an antenna array at the user. The approach is evaluated using a hardware setup and its ability to provide sub-centimeter localization accuracy is shown.

AB - In this work, we propose a novel approach for high accuracy user localization by merging tools from both millimeter wave (mmWave) imaging and communications. The key idea of the proposed solution is to leverage mmWave imaging to construct a high-resolution 3D image of the line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) objects in the environment at one antenna array. Then, uplink pilot signaling with the user is used to estimate the angle-of-arrival and time-of-arrival of the dominant channel paths. By projecting the AoA and ToA information on the 3D mmWave images of the environment, the proposed solution can locate the user with a sub-centimeter accuracy. This approach has several gains. First, it allows accurate simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) from a single standpoint, i.e., using only one antenna array. Second, it does not require any prior knowledge of the surrounding environment. Third, it can locate NLOS users, even if their signals experience more than one reflection and without requiring an antenna array at the user. The approach is evaluated using a hardware setup and its ability to provide sub-centimeter localization accuracy is shown.

KW - Millimeter wave communications

KW - millimeter-wave imaging

KW - simultaneous localization and mapping

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068958110&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068958110&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/ICASSP.2019.8682741

DO - 10.1109/ICASSP.2019.8682741

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85068958110

T3 - ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings

SP - 4539

EP - 4543

BT - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -