Learning from human tutoring

Michelene Chi, Stephanie A. Siler, Heisawn Jeong, Takashi Yamauchi, Robert G. Hausmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human one-to-one tutoring has been shown to be a very effective form of instruction. Three contrasting hypotheses, a tutor-centered one, a student-centered one, and an interactive one could all potentially explain the effectiveness of tutoring. To test these hypotheses, analyses focused not only on the effectiveness of the tutors' moves, but also on the effectiveness of the students' construction on learning, as well as their interaction. The interaction hypothesis is further tested in the second study by manipulating the kind of tutoring tactics tutors were permitted to use. In order to promote a more interactive style of dialogue, rather than a didactic style, tutors were suppressed from giving explanations and feedback. Instead, tutors were encouraged to prompt the students. Surprisingly, students learned just as effectively even when tutors were suppressed from giving explanations and feedback. Their learning in the interactive style of tutoring is attributed to construction from deeper and a greater amount of scaffolding episodes, as well as their greater effort to take control of their own learning by reading more. What they learned from reading was limited, however, by their reading abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-533
Number of pages63
JournalCognitive Science
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Learning
Students
Reading
Feedback
Aptitude
Tutor
Tutoring
Interaction
Simulation Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Chi, M., Siler, S. A., Jeong, H., Yamauchi, T., & Hausmann, R. G. (2001). Learning from human tutoring. Cognitive Science, 25(4), 471-533. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog2504_1

Learning from human tutoring. / Chi, Michelene; Siler, Stephanie A.; Jeong, Heisawn; Yamauchi, Takashi; Hausmann, Robert G.

In: Cognitive Science, Vol. 25, No. 4, 2001, p. 471-533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chi, M, Siler, SA, Jeong, H, Yamauchi, T & Hausmann, RG 2001, 'Learning from human tutoring', Cognitive Science, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 471-533. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog2504_1
Chi M, Siler SA, Jeong H, Yamauchi T, Hausmann RG. Learning from human tutoring. Cognitive Science. 2001;25(4):471-533. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog2504_1
Chi, Michelene ; Siler, Stephanie A. ; Jeong, Heisawn ; Yamauchi, Takashi ; Hausmann, Robert G. / Learning from human tutoring. In: Cognitive Science. 2001 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 471-533.
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