Land-based sources of marine pollution: Pesticides, PAHs and phthalates in coastal stream water, and heavy metals in coastal stream sediments in American Samoa

Beth Polidoro, Mia T. Comeros-Raynal, Thomas Cahill, Cassandra Clement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The island nations and territories of the South Pacific are facing a number of pressing environmental concerns, including solid waste management and coastal pollution. Here we provide baseline information on the presence and concentration of heavy metals and selected organic contaminants (pesticides, PAHs, phthalates) in 7 coastal streams and in surface waters adjacent to the Futiga landfill in American Samoa. All sampled stream sediments contained high concentrations of lead, and some of mercury. Several coastal stream waters showed relatively high concentrations of diethyl phthalate and of organophosphate pesticides, above chronic toxicity values for fish and other aquatic organisms. Parathion, which has been banned by the US Environmental Protection Agency since 2006, was detected in several stream sites. Increased monitoring and initiatives to limit non-point source land-based pollution will greatly improve the state of freshwater and coastal resources, as well as reduce risks to human health in American Samoa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-507
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume116
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2017

Keywords

  • Contaminants
  • Pacific islands
  • Pesticides
  • Plastics
  • Toxic metals
  • Water pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Land-based sources of marine pollution: Pesticides, PAHs and phthalates in coastal stream water, and heavy metals in coastal stream sediments in American Samoa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this