### Abstract

The surprisingly large value of r, the ratio of power in tensor to scalar density perturbations in the CMB reported by the BICEP2 Collaboration, if confirmed, provides strong evidence for Inflation at the GUT scale. While the Inflationary signal remains the best motivated source, a large value of r alone would still allow for the possibility that a comparable gravitational wave background might result from a self ordering scalar field (SOSF) transition that takes place later at somewhat lower energy. We find that even without detailed considerations of the predicted BICEP signature of such a transition, simple existing limits on the isocurvature contribution to CMB anisotropies would definitively rule out a contribution of more than 5% to r ≈ 0.2. We also present a general relation for the allowed fractional SOSF contribution to r as a function of the ultimate measured value of r. These results point strongly not only to an inflationary origin of the BICEP2 signal, if confirmed, but also to the fact that if the GUT scale is of order ^{1016}GeV then either the GUT transition happens before Inflation or the Inflationary transition and the GUT transition must be one and the same.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 305-307 |

Number of pages | 3 |

Journal | Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics |

Volume | 736 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 7 2014 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Nuclear and High Energy Physics

### Cite this

*Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics*,

*736*, 305-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2014.07.046

**Killing the straw man : Does BICEP prove inflation at the GUT scale?** / Dent, James B.; Krauss, Lawrence; Mathur, Harsh.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics*, vol. 736, pp. 305-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2014.07.046

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Killing the straw man

T2 - Does BICEP prove inflation at the GUT scale?

AU - Dent, James B.

AU - Krauss, Lawrence

AU - Mathur, Harsh

PY - 2014/9/7

Y1 - 2014/9/7

N2 - The surprisingly large value of r, the ratio of power in tensor to scalar density perturbations in the CMB reported by the BICEP2 Collaboration, if confirmed, provides strong evidence for Inflation at the GUT scale. While the Inflationary signal remains the best motivated source, a large value of r alone would still allow for the possibility that a comparable gravitational wave background might result from a self ordering scalar field (SOSF) transition that takes place later at somewhat lower energy. We find that even without detailed considerations of the predicted BICEP signature of such a transition, simple existing limits on the isocurvature contribution to CMB anisotropies would definitively rule out a contribution of more than 5% to r ≈ 0.2. We also present a general relation for the allowed fractional SOSF contribution to r as a function of the ultimate measured value of r. These results point strongly not only to an inflationary origin of the BICEP2 signal, if confirmed, but also to the fact that if the GUT scale is of order 1016GeV then either the GUT transition happens before Inflation or the Inflationary transition and the GUT transition must be one and the same.

AB - The surprisingly large value of r, the ratio of power in tensor to scalar density perturbations in the CMB reported by the BICEP2 Collaboration, if confirmed, provides strong evidence for Inflation at the GUT scale. While the Inflationary signal remains the best motivated source, a large value of r alone would still allow for the possibility that a comparable gravitational wave background might result from a self ordering scalar field (SOSF) transition that takes place later at somewhat lower energy. We find that even without detailed considerations of the predicted BICEP signature of such a transition, simple existing limits on the isocurvature contribution to CMB anisotropies would definitively rule out a contribution of more than 5% to r ≈ 0.2. We also present a general relation for the allowed fractional SOSF contribution to r as a function of the ultimate measured value of r. These results point strongly not only to an inflationary origin of the BICEP2 signal, if confirmed, but also to the fact that if the GUT scale is of order 1016GeV then either the GUT transition happens before Inflation or the Inflationary transition and the GUT transition must be one and the same.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905216739&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84905216739&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2014.07.046

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2014.07.046

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84905216739

VL - 736

SP - 305

EP - 307

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

ER -