Cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 expression is regulated via the Ras signaling pathway, and induction of mutated Ras rapidly increases COX-2 levels in intestinal epithelial cells. Protein kinase B (Akt/PKB) is an important effector of Ras signaling and a critical component of Ras-mediated transformation. Here we investigate the role of Akt/PKB in K-Ras-mediated induction of COX-2. Rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6) were transfected with an inducible K-RasVal12 cDNA (IEC-iK-Ras cells). Addition of 5 mM isopropyl-1-thio-β-D-galactopyranoside induced the expression of K-RasVal12, followed by increased activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and Akt/PKB. COX-2 levels were dramatically increased after induction of K-RasVal12. Inhibition of MAPK/ERK kinase activity by PD 98059 completely blocked the K-Ras-mediated induction of COX-2, whereas inhibition of PI3K/Akt/PKB activity with LY 294002 or by expressing a dominant negative Akt (Akt-K179M) partially blocked the induction of COX-2 by K-Ras. Transient transfection of cells with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Akt expression vectors revealed that PI3/ Akt/PKB activity predominantly regulates the stability of COX-2 mRNA. Thus, Akt/PKB activity is involved in K-Ras-induced expression of COX-2 and stabilization of COX-2 mRNA largely depends on the activation of Akt/PKB.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Mar 15 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research