JWST Imaging of Earendel, the Extremely Magnified Star at Redshift z = 6.2

Brian Welch, Dan Coe, Erik Zackrisson, S. E. de Mink, Swara Ravindranath, Jay Anderson, Gabriel Brammer, Larry Bradley, Jinmi Yoon, Patrick Kelly, Jose M. Diego, Rogier Windhorst, Adi Zitrin, Paola Dimauro, Yolanda Jiménez-Teja, Abdurro’uf, Mario Nonino, Ana Acebron, Felipe Andrade-Santos, Roberto J. AvilaMatthew B. Bayliss, Alex Benítez, Tom Broadhurst, Rachana Bhatawdekar, Maruša Bradač, Gabriel B. Caminha, Wenlei Chen, Jan Eldridge, Ebraheem Farag, Michael Florian, Brenda Frye, Seiji Fujimoto, Sebastian Gomez, Alaina Henry, Tiger Y.Y. Hsiao, Taylor A. Hutchison, Bethan L. James, Meridith Joyce, Intae Jung, Gourav Khullar, Rebecca L. Larson, Guillaume Mahler, Nir Mandelker, Stephan McCandliss, Takahiro Morishita, Rosa Newshore, Colin Norman, Kyle O’Connor, Pascal A. Oesch, Masamune Oguri, Masami Ouchi, Marc Postman, Jane R. Rigby, Russell E. Ryan, Soniya Sharma, Keren Sharon, Victoria Strait, Louis Gregory Strolger, F. X. Timmes, Sune Toft, Michele Trenti, Eros Vanzella, Anton Vikaeus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The gravitationally lensed star WHL 0137-LS, nicknamed Earendel, was identified with a photometric redshift z phot = 6.2 ± 0.1 based on images taken with the Hubble Space Telescope. Here we present James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Near Infrared Camera images of Earendel in eight filters spanning 0.8-5.0 μm. In these higher-resolution images, Earendel remains a single unresolved point source on the lensing critical curve, increasing the lower limit on the lensing magnification to μ > 4000 and restricting the source plane radius further to r < 0.02 pc, or ∼4000 au. These new observations strengthen the conclusion that Earendel is best explained by an individual star or multiple star system and support the previous photometric redshift estimate. Fitting grids of stellar spectra to our photometry yields a stellar temperature of T eff ≃ 13,000-16,000 K, assuming the light is dominated by a single star. The delensed bolometric luminosity in this case ranges from log ( L ) = 5.8 to 6.6 L , which is in the range where one expects luminous blue variable stars. Follow-up observations, including JWST NIRSpec scheduled for late 2022, are needed to further unravel the nature of this object, which presents a unique opportunity to study massive stars in the first billion years of the universe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL1
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume940
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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