Is direct seeded rice a boon for economic performance? Empirical evidence from India

Ashok Mishra, Aditya R. Khanal, Valerien O. Pede

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The direct-seeded rice (DSR) establishment method can improve productivity and labor efficiency while taking into account the soil and hydrologic conditions of the field, the availability of appropriate land equipment, and irrigation-drainage systems. Using plot- and household-level data, we analyze the impacts of DSR adoption in two rice-growing states of India. We account for observed and unobserved heterogeneity using endogenous switching regression. We analyze the yield and costs effects of DSR adoption. Our study shows a small but significant effect of DSR adoption on yield and costs. We find increase in rice yields (by 3.74%) for DSR adopters; an increase in rice yields (by 6.79%) if the DSR method were adopted on puddled transplant rice (PTR) parcels. We find a 7.51% reduction in total costs for DSR adopters; a decrease in total costs (by 3.71%) if the DSR method was adopted on PTR parcels. DSR farmers can significantly reduce their fertilizer and land preparation costs. Hence, the decision to adopt DSR may help households with limited resources to reduce their cost of production without compromising the yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalFood Policy
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

economic performance
India
rice
Economics
costs
economics
performance
evidence
Costs and Cost Analysis
cost
irrigation
Oryza
Economic performance
Empirical evidence
farmer
productivity
labor
households
regression
efficiency

Keywords

  • Direct-seeded rice (DSR)
  • Impact assessment
  • India
  • Puddled transplant rice (PTR)
  • Smallholders
  • Switching regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Is direct seeded rice a boon for economic performance? Empirical evidence from India. / Mishra, Ashok; Khanal, Aditya R.; Pede, Valerien O.

In: Food Policy, Vol. 73, 01.12.2017, p. 10-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mishra, Ashok ; Khanal, Aditya R. ; Pede, Valerien O. / Is direct seeded rice a boon for economic performance? Empirical evidence from India. In: Food Policy. 2017 ; Vol. 73. pp. 10-18.
@article{e62ce4357b274d93a68b26c01ff4b540,
title = "Is direct seeded rice a boon for economic performance? Empirical evidence from India",
abstract = "The direct-seeded rice (DSR) establishment method can improve productivity and labor efficiency while taking into account the soil and hydrologic conditions of the field, the availability of appropriate land equipment, and irrigation-drainage systems. Using plot- and household-level data, we analyze the impacts of DSR adoption in two rice-growing states of India. We account for observed and unobserved heterogeneity using endogenous switching regression. We analyze the yield and costs effects of DSR adoption. Our study shows a small but significant effect of DSR adoption on yield and costs. We find increase in rice yields (by 3.74{\%}) for DSR adopters; an increase in rice yields (by 6.79{\%}) if the DSR method were adopted on puddled transplant rice (PTR) parcels. We find a 7.51{\%} reduction in total costs for DSR adopters; a decrease in total costs (by 3.71{\%}) if the DSR method was adopted on PTR parcels. DSR farmers can significantly reduce their fertilizer and land preparation costs. Hence, the decision to adopt DSR may help households with limited resources to reduce their cost of production without compromising the yield.",
keywords = "Direct-seeded rice (DSR), Impact assessment, India, Puddled transplant rice (PTR), Smallholders, Switching regression",
author = "Ashok Mishra and Khanal, {Aditya R.} and Pede, {Valerien O.}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.foodpol.2017.08.021",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "73",
pages = "10--18",
journal = "Food Policy",
issn = "0306-9192",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is direct seeded rice a boon for economic performance? Empirical evidence from India

AU - Mishra, Ashok

AU - Khanal, Aditya R.

AU - Pede, Valerien O.

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - The direct-seeded rice (DSR) establishment method can improve productivity and labor efficiency while taking into account the soil and hydrologic conditions of the field, the availability of appropriate land equipment, and irrigation-drainage systems. Using plot- and household-level data, we analyze the impacts of DSR adoption in two rice-growing states of India. We account for observed and unobserved heterogeneity using endogenous switching regression. We analyze the yield and costs effects of DSR adoption. Our study shows a small but significant effect of DSR adoption on yield and costs. We find increase in rice yields (by 3.74%) for DSR adopters; an increase in rice yields (by 6.79%) if the DSR method were adopted on puddled transplant rice (PTR) parcels. We find a 7.51% reduction in total costs for DSR adopters; a decrease in total costs (by 3.71%) if the DSR method was adopted on PTR parcels. DSR farmers can significantly reduce their fertilizer and land preparation costs. Hence, the decision to adopt DSR may help households with limited resources to reduce their cost of production without compromising the yield.

AB - The direct-seeded rice (DSR) establishment method can improve productivity and labor efficiency while taking into account the soil and hydrologic conditions of the field, the availability of appropriate land equipment, and irrigation-drainage systems. Using plot- and household-level data, we analyze the impacts of DSR adoption in two rice-growing states of India. We account for observed and unobserved heterogeneity using endogenous switching regression. We analyze the yield and costs effects of DSR adoption. Our study shows a small but significant effect of DSR adoption on yield and costs. We find increase in rice yields (by 3.74%) for DSR adopters; an increase in rice yields (by 6.79%) if the DSR method were adopted on puddled transplant rice (PTR) parcels. We find a 7.51% reduction in total costs for DSR adopters; a decrease in total costs (by 3.71%) if the DSR method was adopted on PTR parcels. DSR farmers can significantly reduce their fertilizer and land preparation costs. Hence, the decision to adopt DSR may help households with limited resources to reduce their cost of production without compromising the yield.

KW - Direct-seeded rice (DSR)

KW - Impact assessment

KW - India

KW - Puddled transplant rice (PTR)

KW - Smallholders

KW - Switching regression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85033361071&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85033361071&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.foodpol.2017.08.021

DO - 10.1016/j.foodpol.2017.08.021

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85033361071

VL - 73

SP - 10

EP - 18

JO - Food Policy

JF - Food Policy

SN - 0306-9192

ER -