TY - JOUR
T1 - Innovative and responsible governance of nanotechnology for societal development
AU - Roco, Mihail C.
AU - Harthorn, Barbara
AU - Guston, David
AU - Shapira, Philip
N1 - Funding Information:
The Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center/ Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (NSEC/CNS-ASU; http://cns.asu.edu) was established on October 1, 2005, with funding from the National Science Foundation. CNS-ASU combines research, training, and engagement to develop a new approach to governing emerging nanotechnology. The center uses the research methods of ‘‘real-time technology assessment’’ (RTTA) and guides them by a strategic vision of anticipatory governance. The anticipatory governance approach consists of enhanced foresight capabilities, engagement with lay publics, and integration of social science and humanistic work with nanoscale science and engineering research and education (Guston 2008; Wetmore et al. 2008). Although based in Tempe, Arizona, CNS-ASU has major partnerships with the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the Georgia Institute of Technology, plus a network of other collaborators in the United States and abroad.
NSEC: Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University NSEC: Center for Nanotechnology in Society at University of California, Santa Barbara NSEC: Nanotechnology in Society Project, Nano Connection to Society NSEC: Center for Nanotechnology in Society: Constructive Interactions for Socially Responsible Nanotechnologies CEIN: Predictive Toxicology Assessment and Safe Implementation of Nanotechnology in the Environment CEIN: Center for Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology NNIN: National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (10%) NIRT; Nanotechnology in the Public Interest: Regulatory Challenges, Capacity and Policy Recommendations Collaborative Grant: Bringing Nanotechnology and Society Courses to California Community Colleges
Table 4 lists the many projects established by the National Science Foundation through 2010 to support research on societal implications of nanotechnology research, development, and commercialization. (A number of these projects also support outreach to inform the American public regarding nanotechnology issues and involve them in governance discussions.)
Acknowledgments The overall National Science Foundation (NSF)/World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC) international study was completed in collaboration with other panel members and expert contributors: Chad Mirkin, Mark Hersam, Dawn Bonnell, C. Jeffrey Brinker, Mamadou Diallo, Evelyn Hu, Mark Lundstrom, James Murday, Andre Nel, Mark Tuominen, Jeffrey Welser, and Stuart Wolf. Input from international nanotechnology experts from 35 countries have been received at five brainstorming workshops in Chicago, Hamburg (with EU countries), Tokyo (with Japan, Korea and Taiwan), Singapore (with Australia, China, India, Saudi Arabia, and Singapore), and Arlington (with all partners) and are included in Roco et al. (2010). The opinions expressed here are those of the authors and not necessarily represent of position of U.S. National Science and Technology Council/Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology or NSF. Skip Rung, Sean Murdock, Jeff Morris, Nora Savage, David Berube, Larry Bell, Jurron Bradley, Vijay Arora, David Berube, Nina Horne and Mostafa Analoui provided input to this paper.
SGER Small Grant for Exploratory Research, NIRT Nanoscale Interdisciplinary Research Team, NUE Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education in Engineering, CAREER Faculty Early Career Development Award, NNIN National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network, NCN Network for Computational Nanotechnology, NSEC Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, CEIN Center for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology
Research on societal implications of nanotechnology has been sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and other agencies involved in the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) since September 2000, reaffirmed and strengthened by Congress (e.g., in the 21st Century Nanotechnology R&D Act of 2003) and National Research Council reports in 2002, 2006, and 2009. The second report by the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology on nanotechnology (PCAST 2005, 38) exhorted NNI agencies to ‘‘engage scholars who represent disciplines that might not have been previously engaged in nanotechnology-related research… [and ensure that] …these efforts should be integrated with conventional scientific and engineering research programs.’’ The development of general areas of attention was impacted by NNI funding, particularly funding through the NSF Nanoscale Interdisciplinary Research Team (NIRT) projects since 2001. The two Centers for Nanotechnology in Society (CNS) at Arizona State University (ASU) and the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), founded by NSF in fall 2005, together with the NIRTs at the University of South Carolina-Columbia and Harvard, constitute a network for nanotechnology in society. Table 4 in Section 8.2 illustrates the considerable NSF investment in research and outreach on nanotechnology’s impact on society. In March 2010, the NNI sponsored an EHS ‘‘Capstone’’ workshop that incorporated ELSI into discussions of how to shape the Federal investment in research on the environmental implications of nanotechnology.
PY - 2011/9
Y1 - 2011/9
N2 - Governance of nanotechnology is essential for realizing economic growth and other societal benefits of the new technology, protecting public health and environment, and supporting global collaboration and progress. The article outlines governance principles and methods specific for this emerging field. Advances in the last 10 years, the current status and a vision for the next decade are presented based on an international study with input from over 35 countries.
AB - Governance of nanotechnology is essential for realizing economic growth and other societal benefits of the new technology, protecting public health and environment, and supporting global collaboration and progress. The article outlines governance principles and methods specific for this emerging field. Advances in the last 10 years, the current status and a vision for the next decade are presented based on an international study with input from over 35 countries.
KW - Ethical and legal aspects
KW - International perspective
KW - Nanoscale science and engineering
KW - Nanotechnology innovation and commercialization
KW - Nanotechnology market
KW - Public participation
KW - Responsible development, Global governance, Emerging technologies
KW - Societal implications
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=81055157986&partnerID=8YFLogxK
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=81055157986&partnerID=8YFLogxK
U2 - 10.1007/s11051-011-0454-4
DO - 10.1007/s11051-011-0454-4
M3 - Review article
AN - SCOPUS:81055157986
SN - 1388-0764
VL - 13
SP - 3557
EP - 3590
JO - Journal of Nanoparticle Research
JF - Journal of Nanoparticle Research
IS - 9