Informal "ganyu" labor supply, and food security: The case of Malawi

Isaac Sitienei, Ashok Mishra, Aditya R. Khanal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose - To determine the factors that motivate rural households to supply ganyu labor and to estimate its impact on food security. Methodology/approach - Data from the 2010/2011 Malawi household survey were used. A probit model to evaluate the determinants of ganyu labor supply and a propensity score-matching estimator to assess its impact on food security were used. Findings - Less educated males are more likely to supply ganyu labor. Ganyu labor supply increases with household size, while it decreases with the level of crop farming and size of land owned. Results from the average treatment effect indicate a positive and significant impact of ganyu labor participation on the number of meals consumed per day. Practical implications - Ganyu labor participants in Malawi have better access to food as a result of cash income from ganyu. Government support mechanisms such as minimum wage regulations should consider the welfare of ganyu labor participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-175
Number of pages17
JournalFrontiers of Economics and Globalization
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Labor supply
Malawi
Food security
Labor
Crops
Rural households
Farming
Matching estimators
Minimum wage
Methodology
Food
Probit model
Income
Cash
Household size
Participation
Government support
Household survey
Propensity score matching
Factors

Keywords

  • Food security
  • Ganyu
  • Informal labor supply
  • Matching estimator
  • Off-farm income
  • Treatment Effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

Informal "ganyu" labor supply, and food security : The case of Malawi. / Sitienei, Isaac; Mishra, Ashok; Khanal, Aditya R.

In: Frontiers of Economics and Globalization, Vol. 16, 2016, p. 159-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{68b0c283708f4f8dbbcc7019fbc4569c,
title = "Informal {"}ganyu{"} labor supply, and food security: The case of Malawi",
abstract = "Purpose - To determine the factors that motivate rural households to supply ganyu labor and to estimate its impact on food security. Methodology/approach - Data from the 2010/2011 Malawi household survey were used. A probit model to evaluate the determinants of ganyu labor supply and a propensity score-matching estimator to assess its impact on food security were used. Findings - Less educated males are more likely to supply ganyu labor. Ganyu labor supply increases with household size, while it decreases with the level of crop farming and size of land owned. Results from the average treatment effect indicate a positive and significant impact of ganyu labor participation on the number of meals consumed per day. Practical implications - Ganyu labor participants in Malawi have better access to food as a result of cash income from ganyu. Government support mechanisms such as minimum wage regulations should consider the welfare of ganyu labor participants.",
keywords = "Food security, Ganyu, Informal labor supply, Matching estimator, Off-farm income, Treatment Effect",
author = "Isaac Sitienei and Ashok Mishra and Khanal, {Aditya R.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1108/S1574-871520150000016015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "159--175",
journal = "Frontiers of Economics and Globalization",
issn = "1574-8715",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Informal "ganyu" labor supply, and food security

T2 - The case of Malawi

AU - Sitienei, Isaac

AU - Mishra, Ashok

AU - Khanal, Aditya R.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Purpose - To determine the factors that motivate rural households to supply ganyu labor and to estimate its impact on food security. Methodology/approach - Data from the 2010/2011 Malawi household survey were used. A probit model to evaluate the determinants of ganyu labor supply and a propensity score-matching estimator to assess its impact on food security were used. Findings - Less educated males are more likely to supply ganyu labor. Ganyu labor supply increases with household size, while it decreases with the level of crop farming and size of land owned. Results from the average treatment effect indicate a positive and significant impact of ganyu labor participation on the number of meals consumed per day. Practical implications - Ganyu labor participants in Malawi have better access to food as a result of cash income from ganyu. Government support mechanisms such as minimum wage regulations should consider the welfare of ganyu labor participants.

AB - Purpose - To determine the factors that motivate rural households to supply ganyu labor and to estimate its impact on food security. Methodology/approach - Data from the 2010/2011 Malawi household survey were used. A probit model to evaluate the determinants of ganyu labor supply and a propensity score-matching estimator to assess its impact on food security were used. Findings - Less educated males are more likely to supply ganyu labor. Ganyu labor supply increases with household size, while it decreases with the level of crop farming and size of land owned. Results from the average treatment effect indicate a positive and significant impact of ganyu labor participation on the number of meals consumed per day. Practical implications - Ganyu labor participants in Malawi have better access to food as a result of cash income from ganyu. Government support mechanisms such as minimum wage regulations should consider the welfare of ganyu labor participants.

KW - Food security

KW - Ganyu

KW - Informal labor supply

KW - Matching estimator

KW - Off-farm income

KW - Treatment Effect

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954309559&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84954309559&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1108/S1574-871520150000016015

DO - 10.1108/S1574-871520150000016015

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84954309559

VL - 16

SP - 159

EP - 175

JO - Frontiers of Economics and Globalization

JF - Frontiers of Economics and Globalization

SN - 1574-8715

ER -