Increasing condom use: Evaluation of a theory-based intervention to prevent sexually transmitted diseases in young women

Angela D. Bryan, Leona S. Aiken, Stephen West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Scopus citations


A multicomponent intervention to increase condom use in sexually active young women was designed, implemented, and evaluated in a randomized experiment. Participants were 198 unmarried female college students (mean age = 18.6 years) who received a 1-session condom promotion intervention or a control (stress management) intervention. The condom promotion intervention led to increased self-reported condom use up to 6 months following intervention as well as positive changes in perceived benefits of condom use, affective attitudes toward condom use and condom users, perceived acceptance of sexuality, control over the sexual encounter, perceived self-efficacy for condom use, and intentions to use condoms. Mediational analysis illustrated the mechanisms of the condom promotion intervention effects, linking psychological constructs affected by the intervention (perceived benefits, acceptance of sexuality, control over the sexual encounter, attitudes toward condoms, and self-efficacy for condom use) to condom use intentions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-382
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1996



  • Acceptance of sexuality
  • Condoms
  • Control over the sexual encounter
  • Intervention
  • Mediational analysis
  • Self-efficacy
  • Sexually transmitted diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

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