Imaging the upper mantle transition zone with a generalized Radon transform of SS precursors

Q. Cao, P. Wang, R. D. van der Hilst, M. V. de Hoop, S. H. Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate the feasibility of using inverse scattering for high-resolution imaging of discontinuities in the upper mantle beneath oceanic regions (far from sources and receivers) using broadband wavefield observations consisting of SS and its precursors. The generalized Radon transform (GRT) that we developed for this purpose detects (in the broadband data) signals due to scattering from elasticity contrasts in Earth's mantle. Synthetic tests with realistic source-receiver distributions demonstrate that the GRT is able to detect and image deep mantle interfaces, even in the presence of noise, depth phases ('ghosts'), phase conversions, and multiples generated by reverberation within the transition zone. As a proof of concept, we apply the GRT to ∼50,000 broadband seismograms to delineate interfaces in the depth range from 300 to 1000. km beneath the northwest Pacific. We account for smooth 3D mantle heterogeneity using first-order perturbation theory and independently obtained global tomography models. The preliminary results reveal laterally continuous (but undulating) scatter zones near 410 and 660. km depth and a weaker, broader, and more complex structure near 520. km depth. The images also suggest the presence of multiple, laterally intermittent interfaces near 350. km and between 800 and 1000. km depth, that is, above and below the transition zone sensu stricto. Filtering of the data (we consider four pass-bands: 20-50. s, 10-50. s, 5-50. s, and 2-50. s) reveals a prominent frequency dependence of the magnitude, width, and complexity of the interfaces, in particular of the scatter zone near 520. km depth; such dependencies may put important constraints on the mineralogy and phase chemistry of the transition zone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-91
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume180
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Generalized Radon transform
  • Inverse scattering
  • SS precursors
  • Transition zone
  • Upper mantle discontinuities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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