HST/WFC3 grism observations of z - 1 clusters: Evidence for evolution in the mass–size relation of quiescent galaxies from post-starburst galaxies

J. Matharu, A. Muzzin, G. B. Brammer, R. F.J. van der Burg, M. W. Auger, P. C. Hewett, J. C.C. Chan, R. Demarco, P. van Dokkum, D. Marchesini, E. J. Nelson, A. G. Noble, G. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Minor mergers have been proposed as the driving mechanism for the size growth of quiescent galaxies with decreasing redshift. The process whereby large star-forming galaxies quench and join the quiescent population at the large size end has also been suggested as an explanation for this size growth. Given the clear association of quenching with clusters, we explore this mechanism by studying the structural properties of 23 spectroscopically identified recently quenched (or ‘post-starburst’ (PSB)) cluster galaxies at z - 1. Despite clear PSB spectral signatures implying rapid and violent quenching, 87 per cent of these galaxies have symmetric, undisturbed morphologies in the stellar continuum. Remarkably, they follow a mass–size relation lying midway between the star-forming and quiescent field relations, with sizes 0.1 dex smaller than z - 1 star-forming galaxies at log(M/M☉) = 10.5. This implies a rapid change in the light profile without directly effecting the stellar distribution, suggesting changes in the mass-to-light ratio gradients across the galaxy are responsible. We develop fading toy models to explore how star-forming galaxies move across the mass–size plane as their stellar populations fade to match those of the PSBs. ‘Outside-in’ fading has the potential to reproduce the contraction in size and increase in bulge-dominance observed between star-forming and PSB cluster galaxies. Since cluster PSBs lie on the large size end of the quiescent mass–size relation, and our previous work shows cluster galaxies are smaller than field galaxies, the sizes of quiescent galaxies must grow both from the quenching of star-forming galaxies and dry minor mergers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6011-6032
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume493
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

Keywords

  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Galaxies: star formation
  • Galaxies: stellar content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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