How negative can biofuels with CCS take us and at what cost? Refining the economic potential of biofuel production with CCS using spatially-explicit modeling

Nils Johnson, Nathan Parker, Joan Ogden

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Global integrated assessment models indicate the importance of technologies that can achieve negative emissions in scenarios that limit warming to 2°C over pre-industrial levels. One of the most promising options for achieving negative emissions is the production of electricity or fuels using biomass coupled with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). Given that the transport sector is relatively difficult to decarbonize, BECCS can be particularly valuable for reducing the carbon intensity of transport fuels. This paper combines spatially-explicit biorefinery siting and CCS infrastructure models to examine the potential for biofuels with CCS in the United States. The outputs provide insight into the optimal deployment of biorefineries with CCS from 2020 to 2050, including an assessment of the magnitude of the required infrastructure and identification of regional storage constraints. Furthermore, the model identifies the average biofuel production cost at each site and develops geospatial supply curves, abatement cost curves, and negative emission potentials for biofuels with CCS over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6770-6791
Number of pages22
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume63
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2014 - Austin, United States
Duration: Oct 5 2014Oct 9 2014

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Refining
Carbon capture
Economics
Biomass
Costs
Identification (control systems)
Electricity
Carbon

Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Carbon capture and storage (CCS)
  • Geographic information systems (GIS)
  • Spatial optimization
  • United states

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

Cite this

How negative can biofuels with CCS take us and at what cost? Refining the economic potential of biofuel production with CCS using spatially-explicit modeling. / Johnson, Nils; Parker, Nathan; Ogden, Joan.

In: Energy Procedia, Vol. 63, 01.01.2014, p. 6770-6791.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

@article{e3f8c6ef77974ea59dc6b772dd1222c7,
title = "How negative can biofuels with CCS take us and at what cost? Refining the economic potential of biofuel production with CCS using spatially-explicit modeling",
abstract = "Global integrated assessment models indicate the importance of technologies that can achieve negative emissions in scenarios that limit warming to 2°C over pre-industrial levels. One of the most promising options for achieving negative emissions is the production of electricity or fuels using biomass coupled with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). Given that the transport sector is relatively difficult to decarbonize, BECCS can be particularly valuable for reducing the carbon intensity of transport fuels. This paper combines spatially-explicit biorefinery siting and CCS infrastructure models to examine the potential for biofuels with CCS in the United States. The outputs provide insight into the optimal deployment of biorefineries with CCS from 2020 to 2050, including an assessment of the magnitude of the required infrastructure and identification of regional storage constraints. Furthermore, the model identifies the average biofuel production cost at each site and develops geospatial supply curves, abatement cost curves, and negative emission potentials for biofuels with CCS over time.",
keywords = "Biofuels, Carbon capture and storage (CCS), Geographic information systems (GIS), Spatial optimization, United states",
author = "Nils Johnson and Nathan Parker and Joan Ogden",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.712",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "6770--6791",
journal = "Energy Procedia",
issn = "1876-6102",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How negative can biofuels with CCS take us and at what cost? Refining the economic potential of biofuel production with CCS using spatially-explicit modeling

AU - Johnson, Nils

AU - Parker, Nathan

AU - Ogden, Joan

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Global integrated assessment models indicate the importance of technologies that can achieve negative emissions in scenarios that limit warming to 2°C over pre-industrial levels. One of the most promising options for achieving negative emissions is the production of electricity or fuels using biomass coupled with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). Given that the transport sector is relatively difficult to decarbonize, BECCS can be particularly valuable for reducing the carbon intensity of transport fuels. This paper combines spatially-explicit biorefinery siting and CCS infrastructure models to examine the potential for biofuels with CCS in the United States. The outputs provide insight into the optimal deployment of biorefineries with CCS from 2020 to 2050, including an assessment of the magnitude of the required infrastructure and identification of regional storage constraints. Furthermore, the model identifies the average biofuel production cost at each site and develops geospatial supply curves, abatement cost curves, and negative emission potentials for biofuels with CCS over time.

AB - Global integrated assessment models indicate the importance of technologies that can achieve negative emissions in scenarios that limit warming to 2°C over pre-industrial levels. One of the most promising options for achieving negative emissions is the production of electricity or fuels using biomass coupled with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). Given that the transport sector is relatively difficult to decarbonize, BECCS can be particularly valuable for reducing the carbon intensity of transport fuels. This paper combines spatially-explicit biorefinery siting and CCS infrastructure models to examine the potential for biofuels with CCS in the United States. The outputs provide insight into the optimal deployment of biorefineries with CCS from 2020 to 2050, including an assessment of the magnitude of the required infrastructure and identification of regional storage constraints. Furthermore, the model identifies the average biofuel production cost at each site and develops geospatial supply curves, abatement cost curves, and negative emission potentials for biofuels with CCS over time.

KW - Biofuels

KW - Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

KW - Geographic information systems (GIS)

KW - Spatial optimization

KW - United states

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922895976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922895976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.712

DO - 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.712

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:84922895976

VL - 63

SP - 6770

EP - 6791

JO - Energy Procedia

JF - Energy Procedia

SN - 1876-6102

ER -