How much is enough? Hunters and limited needs

Kristen Hawkes, James F. O'Connell, Kim Hill, Eric L. Charnov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The notion that hunter-gatherers need little and so limit what they take from available resources has been extremely influential in anthropology. We present an optimal foraging model that suggests testable predictions that are inconsistent with the postulate of "limited needs". We evaluate these predictions in light of data from the Aché of eastern Paraguay and other groups, and find that the hypotheses based on the limited needs postulate are generally falsified, whereas those derived from the optimal foraging model are generally supported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-15
Number of pages13
JournalEthology and Sociobiology
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Paraguay
Anthropology
foraging
anthropology
prediction
hunter-gatherer
resource
need
Hunters
Foraging Models
Prediction

Keywords

  • Hunter-gatherers
  • Hunting effort
  • Limited needs
  • Lowland South America
  • Optimal foraging

Cite this

How much is enough? Hunters and limited needs. / Hawkes, Kristen; O'Connell, James F.; Hill, Kim; Charnov, Eric L.

In: Ethology and Sociobiology, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1985, p. 3-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hawkes, Kristen ; O'Connell, James F. ; Hill, Kim ; Charnov, Eric L. / How much is enough? Hunters and limited needs. In: Ethology and Sociobiology. 1985 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 3-15.
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