High-rate communication for underwater acoustic channels using multiple transmitters and space - Time coding: Receiver structures and experimental results

Subhadeep Roy, Tolga M. Duman, Vincent McDonald, John G. Proakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

185 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we consider the use of multiple antennas and space-time coding for high data rate underwater acoustic (UWA) communications. Recent advances in information theory have shown that significant capacity gains can be achieved by using multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems and space-time coding techniques for rich scattering environments. This is especially significant for the UWA channel where the usable bandwidth is severely limited due to frequency-dependent attenuation. In this paper, we propose to use space-time coding and iterative decoding techniques to obtain high data rates and reliability over shallow-water, medium-range UWA channels. In particular, we propose to use space-time trellis codes (STTCs), layered space-time codes (LSTCs) and their combinations along with three low-complexity adaptive equalizer structures at the receiver. We consider multiband transmissions where the available bandwidth is divided into several subbands with guard bands in between them. We describe the theoretical basis of the proposed receivers along with a comprehensive set of experimental results obtained by processing data collected from real UWA communications experiments carried out in the Pacific Ocean. We demonstrate that by using space-time coding at the transmitter and sophisticated iterative processing at the receiver, we can obtain data rates and spectral efficiencies that are not possible with single transmitter systems at similar ranges and depths. In particular, we have demonstrated reliable transmission at a data rate of 48 kb/s in 23 kHz of bandwidth, and 12 kb/s in 3 kHz of bandwidth (a spectral efficiency of 4 b-s-1·Hz-1) at a 2-km range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-688
Number of pages26
JournalIEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007

Keywords

  • Iterative equalization
  • Multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO)
  • Space-time codes
  • Successive interference cancellation (SIC)
  • Turbo codes
  • Underwater acoustic (UWA) communications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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