Hearing preservation surgery: Psychophysical estimates of cochlear damage in recipients of a short electrode array

René H. Gifford, Michael Dorman, Anthony J. Spahr, Sid P. Bacon, Henryk Skarzynski, Artur Lorens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the newest implementation of cochlear implant surgery, electrode arrays of 10 or 20 mm are inserted into the cochlea with the aim of preserving hearing in the region apical to the tip of the electrode array. In the current study two measures were used to assess hearing preservation: changes in audiometric threshold and changes in psychophysical estimates of nonlinear cochlear processing. Nonlinear cochlear processing was evaluated at signal frequencies of 250 and 500 Hz using Schroeder phase maskers with various indices of masker phase curvature. A total of 15 normal-hearing listeners and 13 cochlear implant patients (7 with a 10 mm insertion and 6 with a 20 mm insertion) were tested. Following surgery the mean low-frequency threshold elevation was 12.7 dB (125-750 Hz). Nine patients had postimplant thresholds within 5-10 dB of preimplant thresholds. Only one patient, however, demonstrated a completely normal nonlinear cochlear function following surgery-although most retained some degree of residual nonlinear processing. This result indicates (i) that Schroeder phase masking functions are a more sensitive index of surgical trauma than audiometric threshold and (ii) that preservation of a normal cochlear function in the apex of the cochlea is relatively uncommon but possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2164-2173
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume124
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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