Global processing speed in children with low reading ability and in children and adults with typical reading ability: Exploratory factor analytic models

Beate Peter, Mark Matsushita, Wendy H. Raskind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate processing speed as a latent dimension in children with dyslexia and children and adults with typical reading skills. Exploratory factor analysis (FA) was based on a sample of multigenerational families, each ascertained through a child with dyslexia. Eleven measures-6 of them timed-represented verbal and nonverbal processes, alphabet writing, and motor sequencing in the hand and oral motor system. FA was conducted in 4 cohorts (all children, a subset of children with low reading scores, a subset of children with typical reading scores, and adults with typical reading scores; total N = 829). Processing speed formed the first factor in all cohorts. Both measures of motor sequencing speed loaded on the speed factor with the other timed variables. Children with poor reading scores showed lower speed factor scores than did typical peers. The speed factor was negatively correlated with age in the adults. The speed dimension was observed independently of participant cohort, gender, and reading ability. Results are consistent with a unified theory of processing speed as a quadratic function of age in typical development and with slowed processing in poor readers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)885-889
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Reading
ability
Dyslexia
dyslexia
Statistical Factor Analysis
factor analysis
Reading Ability
Processing Speed
Hand
gender
Cohort

Keywords

  • Dyslexia
  • Generalized slowed processing
  • Latent dimension
  • Life span
  • Motor sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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N2 - To investigate processing speed as a latent dimension in children with dyslexia and children and adults with typical reading skills. Exploratory factor analysis (FA) was based on a sample of multigenerational families, each ascertained through a child with dyslexia. Eleven measures-6 of them timed-represented verbal and nonverbal processes, alphabet writing, and motor sequencing in the hand and oral motor system. FA was conducted in 4 cohorts (all children, a subset of children with low reading scores, a subset of children with typical reading scores, and adults with typical reading scores; total N = 829). Processing speed formed the first factor in all cohorts. Both measures of motor sequencing speed loaded on the speed factor with the other timed variables. Children with poor reading scores showed lower speed factor scores than did typical peers. The speed factor was negatively correlated with age in the adults. The speed dimension was observed independently of participant cohort, gender, and reading ability. Results are consistent with a unified theory of processing speed as a quadratic function of age in typical development and with slowed processing in poor readers.

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