GIS and Cartography

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Cartography as a discipline evolved from the ancient practice of map making, and its complex set of conventions and techniques. Geographic information systems (GIS) were developed much more recently as a comprehensive computer application for performing a wide range of functions on geographic data. The two fields have converged as digital technology has become more pervasive, and as it provides new opportunities that offer to escape many of the constraints under which manual map making operated. Cartography is both a science and an art, whereas GIS evolved as a more precise and objective approach to what is observable and measurable about the Earth's surface, with an emphasis on numerical analysis. While the distinction between the two fields is not as strong as in the past, these nuances remain today.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Human Geography
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages500-505
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080449104
ISBN (Print)9780080449111
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Choropleth map
  • Digital transition
  • Geovisualization
  • Map metaphor
  • Map projection
  • Uncertainty
  • Virtual globe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Goodchild, M. F. (2009). GIS and Cartography. In International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (pp. 500-505). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008044910-4.00034-1