Geographic isolates of Glomus increase root growth and whole-plant transpiration of Citrus seedlings grown with high phosphorus

M. W. Fidelibus, Chris Martin, J. C. Stutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four Glomus species/isolates from arid, semiarid and mesic areas were evaluated for their effects on growth and water use characteristics of young Citrus volkameriana ('Volkamer' lemon) under well-watered conditions, followed by three soil-drying episodes of increasing severity (soil moisture tensions of -0.02, -0.06, and -0.08 MPa) and recovery conditions. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) plants were also compared to non-AM plants given extra phosphorus (P) fertilizer. AM plants and non-AM plants had similar shoot size (dry weight and canopy area), but all AM fungus treatments stimulated root growth (dry weight and length). Leaf P concentrations were 12-56% higher in AM plants than non-AM plants. Enhanced root growth was positively correlated with leaf P concentration. In general, AM plants had greater whole-plant transpiration than non-AM plants under well-watered conditions, under mild water stress and during recovery from moderate and severe soil drying. This suggests a taster recovery from moisture stress by AM plants. AM plants had lower leaf conductance than non-AM plants when exposed to severe soil drying. Although the greatest differences were between AM and non-AM plants, plants treated with Glomus isolates differed in colonization level, leaf P concentration, root length, transpiration flux and leaf conductance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalMycorrhiza
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Arbuscular mycorrhizae
  • Conductance
  • Water stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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