Geodetic constraints on the shallow magma system at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat

Christina Widiwijayanti, Amanda Clarke, Derek Elsworth, Barry Voight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ground surface tilts recorded proximal to a growing lava dome, and sustained through repeated dome collapses, provide unique geodetic constraints on the depth, size, and overpressures of the shallow magmatic system at Soufrière Hills Volcano. Tilt records identify a single pressure-source inflating with periods ∼3-30 h. Sustained tilt amplitude ratios for paired stations identify the pressure-source at a centroid depth between ∼740 and 970 m. This pressure-source and its robust oscillatory response survived a dome collapse that removed the upper ∼200 m of the magmatic system. Shallow overpressures of 1-4 MPa are confirmed over a radius of 200-340 m; this size suggests pressurization of a fluid-saturated fractured rock mass annulus surrounding a narrow magma conduit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 2005

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domes
tilt
volcanoes
magma
volcano
overpressure
dome
inflating
lava dome
annuli
lava
centroids
stations
rocks
radii
fluid
fluids
rock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Geodetic constraints on the shallow magma system at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat. / Widiwijayanti, Christina; Clarke, Amanda; Elsworth, Derek; Voight, Barry.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, No. 11, 16.06.2005, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Widiwijayanti, Christina ; Clarke, Amanda ; Elsworth, Derek ; Voight, Barry. / Geodetic constraints on the shallow magma system at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2005 ; Vol. 32, No. 11. pp. 1-5.
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