Gender roles in marriage: What do they mean for girls' and boys' school achievement?

Kimberly Updegraff, Susan M. McHale, Ann C. Crouter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explored the implications of parents' traditional vs. egalitarian marital roles for girls' and boys' patterns of math and science achievement in 67 families with young adolescents. Marital roles were measured in terms of parents' relative involvement in child-oriented activities (e.g., in egalitarian families mothers and fathers participated equally in child-oriented activities). Findings revealed that girls from egalitarian families maintained a high level of achievement across the transition to the seventh grade, whereas girls from traditional families declined in math and science performance. For boys, no significant patterns emerged. Additional analyses revealed that egalitarian and traditional families differed in terms of absolute levels of paternal involvement, parents' sex-role attitudes, and indices of marital power. Our findings were consistent with a person-process-context model of development: Egalitarian and traditional contexts were characterized by different family processes and had different implications for boys and girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-88
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume25
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Marriage
gender role
marriage
school
parents
Parents
science
Fathers
father
school grade
Mothers
adolescent
human being
performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Gender roles in marriage : What do they mean for girls' and boys' school achievement? / Updegraff, Kimberly; McHale, Susan M.; Crouter, Ann C.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 25, No. 1, 02.1996, p. 73-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{20d7b8633ce747f5813ae6dc75f58851,
title = "Gender roles in marriage: What do they mean for girls' and boys' school achievement?",
abstract = "This study explored the implications of parents' traditional vs. egalitarian marital roles for girls' and boys' patterns of math and science achievement in 67 families with young adolescents. Marital roles were measured in terms of parents' relative involvement in child-oriented activities (e.g., in egalitarian families mothers and fathers participated equally in child-oriented activities). Findings revealed that girls from egalitarian families maintained a high level of achievement across the transition to the seventh grade, whereas girls from traditional families declined in math and science performance. For boys, no significant patterns emerged. Additional analyses revealed that egalitarian and traditional families differed in terms of absolute levels of paternal involvement, parents' sex-role attitudes, and indices of marital power. Our findings were consistent with a person-process-context model of development: Egalitarian and traditional contexts were characterized by different family processes and had different implications for boys and girls.",
author = "Kimberly Updegraff and McHale, {Susan M.} and Crouter, {Ann C.}",
year = "1996",
month = "2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "73--88",
journal = "Journal of Youth and Adolescence",
issn = "0047-2891",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender roles in marriage

T2 - What do they mean for girls' and boys' school achievement?

AU - Updegraff, Kimberly

AU - McHale, Susan M.

AU - Crouter, Ann C.

PY - 1996/2

Y1 - 1996/2

N2 - This study explored the implications of parents' traditional vs. egalitarian marital roles for girls' and boys' patterns of math and science achievement in 67 families with young adolescents. Marital roles were measured in terms of parents' relative involvement in child-oriented activities (e.g., in egalitarian families mothers and fathers participated equally in child-oriented activities). Findings revealed that girls from egalitarian families maintained a high level of achievement across the transition to the seventh grade, whereas girls from traditional families declined in math and science performance. For boys, no significant patterns emerged. Additional analyses revealed that egalitarian and traditional families differed in terms of absolute levels of paternal involvement, parents' sex-role attitudes, and indices of marital power. Our findings were consistent with a person-process-context model of development: Egalitarian and traditional contexts were characterized by different family processes and had different implications for boys and girls.

AB - This study explored the implications of parents' traditional vs. egalitarian marital roles for girls' and boys' patterns of math and science achievement in 67 families with young adolescents. Marital roles were measured in terms of parents' relative involvement in child-oriented activities (e.g., in egalitarian families mothers and fathers participated equally in child-oriented activities). Findings revealed that girls from egalitarian families maintained a high level of achievement across the transition to the seventh grade, whereas girls from traditional families declined in math and science performance. For boys, no significant patterns emerged. Additional analyses revealed that egalitarian and traditional families differed in terms of absolute levels of paternal involvement, parents' sex-role attitudes, and indices of marital power. Our findings were consistent with a person-process-context model of development: Egalitarian and traditional contexts were characterized by different family processes and had different implications for boys and girls.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030543082&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030543082&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0030543082

VL - 25

SP - 73

EP - 88

JO - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

JF - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

SN - 0047-2891

IS - 1

ER -